Abstract Two percent of preteens and five percent of adolescents suffer from depression (www.about-teen-depression.com 2014). There are specific signs and symptoms associated with depression, which are helpful in detection of the illness. There are various ways to treat depression, such as medication, group therapy, and/or herbal supplements. There are pros and cons with each treatment, but the worst coincides with the medication –suicide. Much research has been conducted, which will be discussed in the paper that has shown a link to antidepressants and suicide.
Assessment and Treatment of Depression in Adolescence Abstract Today’s youth are faced with many challenges including depression, substance use and suicide. Depressive disorders in adolescence are a major health concern. Depression often disrupts normal development due to the negative impact it has on social and educational functioning. This paper focuses on adolescent depression, as well as its assessment and treatment. Additionally, an examination of both risk and protective factors of adolescent depression, and implications these relationships have for prevention and adolescent health behavior.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41(3), 320-332. ). Jaycox, L., Stein, B., Paddock, S., Miles, J., Chandra, A., Meredith, L., Tanielian, T., Hickey, S., & Burnam, M.. (2009). Impact of Teen Depression on Academic, Social, and Physical Functioning. Pediatrics, 124(4), E596.
(www.teendepression.org). Depression can be spread through families if there is a history of depression. Detecting depression is not always easy to detect because in teens depression and normal teenage moodiness is hard to differentiate. Teens that suffers from depression can lead to failure in school, alcohol or and other drug use and even suicide. There are 15 to 20% of American teens that are involved in depression.
Depression in children is qualitatively different from depression in adults – these people are more at risk for more severe illnesses in adulthood, as well, which suggests that depression in young people has the potential to be particularly problematic. 60% of adolescents with depression will have recurrences in adulthood and also have a higher rate of suicide throughout their life (Clark, Jansen, & Cloy, 2012). The symptoms of childhood depression might be mistaken for normal mood swings as pertinent to changing developmental stages, and is often presented as irritability and negative attitudes. Diagnosis of depression in children is difficult for this reason, and therefore it must be stressed how careful one must be when diagnosing mental illness in children (“Depression”, 2014). Furthermore, there is a stigma against labeling a child as depressed, which might make it even harder to diagnose depression in children.
Depression. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov.citytech.ezproxy.cuny.edu:2048/health/publications/depression/index.shtml National Institute of Mental Health. (n.d.). Depression in children and adolescents [Fact Sheet]. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-in-children-and-adolescents/index.shtml Riolo, S. A., Nguyen, T. A., Greden, J. F., & King, C. A.
“Preliminary Effectiveness of Surviving the Teens® Suicide Prevention and Depression Awareness Program on Adolescents’ Suicidality and Self-Efficacy in Performing Help-Seeking Behaviors.” Journal of School Health 81.9 (2011): 581-90. Print. “Teen Depression: When Should You Worry?” Newsweek 25 Apr. 2005: 60. Print.
at., 2005). It affects the developmental process, resulting in difficulties with concentration and motivation, leading to poor academic performance, impaired social functioning, disruption in identity development, and high risk of both substance abuse and suicide (Probst, 2008). In this paper I will give a description of several research studies that explores the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) when working with children and adolescents diagnosed with depression. CBT is derived from cognitive theory and behavioral theory. It focuses on identifying irrational, distorted and/or maladaptive patterns of cognition and belief, replacing them with more realistic thoughts and thereby modifying both emotions and behavior (Probst, 2008).
— These are descriptions of how Cait Irwin, who suffered from depression as a teenager, described it. They show how awful and frightening depression during the teenage years can be. Depression and suicide are closely linked. “In fact, about two-thirds of all people who die by suicide have some type of depressive disorder” (Irwin 47). Teenage depression is a common but serious illness that can ultimately send some teenagers on a downward spiral towards suicide, but depression and suicide both can be averted if the symptoms are recognized and the proper treatment is provided.
Psychosocial variables involved in causing depression in adolescents include self-consciousness, self-esteem, and reduction in activities because of physical illness or injury. Changes in the body's balance of hormones are involved in triggering or causing depression. Traumatic events such as physical or emotional abuse, or a loss of a parent, may cause changes in the brain that makes a person more likely to develop depression. Teen depression can also be linke... ... middle of paper ... ...medications for teen depression: Prozac and Lexapro. Some antidepressants may cause suicidal thoughts or behavior.