Depression in adolescence related to the school transitional period is a common occurrence according to the research findings of Goodwin, Mrug, Borch, & Cillessen, 2012). in fact according to research adolescents is the peek age for onset of depression during this time (1). There are many causes of depression among late to early adolescents. Over the years research has concluded that the most prevalent causes of adolescent depression is , genetics, absence of parental protection, low self-esteem, child abuse (of all types) , faulty interpersonal relationships, and educational transitions. For the purpose of this research we will identify educational transitions from junior high or middle school to high school ,and will later describe how research in solution focused therapies can help alleviate the symptoms of depressions in adolescences during these transitions.
Depression is a serious medical condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless, and unimportant. It brings together a variety of physical and psychological symptoms which together constitute a syndrome. There are many types of depression which each have their own causes, symptoms and forms of dealing with them. While some forms of depression are chemical based which can be a result of genetics, others are based on traumatic experiences which can trigger the person to have these feelings of hopelessness. There are many symptoms that are expressed with depression and treatments are available for those who suffer with the illness.
The symptoms related to major depression include restlessness, difficulty concentrating on daily activities, feeling of helplessness, decreased energy, attempts and thoughts of suicide. The most serious consequence of major depression is suicide (CDC, 2011; NIMH, 2011). As stated by the CDC, "depression poses a substantial burden globally-" (CDC, 2011, para. 2). Friends and family of a person suffering from depression are also affected.
These feelings last for at least two weeks, and they cause significant distress or difficulty with everyday tasks. (Irwin 11) This definition of depression suggests that depression is serious because it affects things that teens do in their everyday lives. According to the National Comorbidity Survey, “14% of teens experience major depression by age 18.” That’s about one out of every seven teenagers. In the same s... ... middle of paper ... ... eliminating risk factors, teenage suicide can be prevented. Works Cited Harper, Gordon, Andrea Marks, and W. Michael Nelson, III.
Depression in Adolescents Depression is a huge plague in the world. The American Psychiatric Association reports that depression occurs if at least 5 of the following symptoms occur for at least 2 weeks: depressed or sad mood, decreased interest in activities that once was enjoyable, weight gain or loss, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue, misplaced guilt, a lack of concentration, or even recurrent thoughts of death. Approximately 121 million people are affected by some form of depression. Statistics from the Center for Disease and Control Prevention show that approximately 8.3 percent of adolescents are affected by depression. Whereas this number seems small compared to the number that affects adults, it is important to remember that depression is difficult to accurately diagnose in adolescents because of the many changes they are experiencing during this period of their lives.
The presence of depression disrupts the young person’s maturational development through the detrimental impact it has on social and educational functioning. For example, evidence indicates that major depression slows down some aspects of cognitive development and interferes with the acquisition of verbal skills; which can lead to dropping out of school, (Kovacs, 1989). Moreover, research indicates that in the long-term, depression that reoccurs leads to an increased risk for depressive disorder and dysfunction in adulthood, (Garber, Kriss, Koch, & Lindholm, 1988). Not only is adolescent depression the most significant predictor for adult depression; it also predicts increased risk among females of higher divorce rates and estrangement from parents, while among males there exists increased risk for higher rates of unemployment and car accidents. Both have increased risk for intimacy problems and legal activities (McFarlane, Atchison, Rafalowicz, & Papay, 1994).
It causes pain and suffering not only to those who have a disorder, but also to those who care about them. Serious depression has been known to destroy family life as well as the life of the depressed person. According to Psychology Information Online, depression is a psychological condition that changes how a person thinks and feels, and it also affects their social behavior and sense of physical well being. Depression has been called a "whole body" illness because of the many things the illness affects. Depression affects everyone.
October 6, 1999. V282i13. P1215. Jackson, Rupert & Bob Baldwin. "Detecting Depression in Elderly Mentally Ill Patients: The Use of Geriatric Depression Scale Compared with Medical and Nursing Observations.
Depression can carry with it many damaging consequences to relationships, families, work productivity. There are varying types of depression that has varying sets of symptoms, including thoughts of death or suicide. Other symptoms include a depressed mood most of the day, fatigue or loss of energy daily, feelings of worthless or guilt, impaired concentration, insomnia or hypersomnia, marked diminished pleasure in activities, a sense of restlessness, and significant weight loss or gain. According to the DSM V, at least 5 of the symptoms must be present at the same time to be diagnosed as depression. Identifying the causes of depression is not easy task with any single answer.
Depression is a major unrecognized mental disturbance and is among the most common and destructive of illnesses today. In addition, many people suffer from Manic Depression or Major Depression. Both depression types are then characterized by radical mood swings and exhasterbated behavior. Our brain is the control panel for every part of the body. The brain controls our behavior both consciously and involuntary.