Deploying an Operation System Within Your Organization

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An operating system accomplishes the following tasks: interaction between computer and user, providing an environment of which programs operate, and manages files. Yet, each operating system does it its own way. Hence, it is advantageous to know the pros and cons of each operating system before a decision is made. Any kind of operating system can be utilized in most environments; it's just a matter of difficulty supporting it regarding maintenance, compatibility problems and other concerns. For example, the Mac OS X would be perfect for the graphic design department, but would not work out well in the engineering department, which is better suited for Windows or Linux.

The major operating systems to choose from are Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh OS X and various distributions of Linux. For Linux, we will use RedHat/Fedora and Ubuntu as an example.

Microsoft Windows

Used in approximately 90 percent of computers worldwide, Microsoft Windows is indeed popular. It originated as a graphical environment built on top of Microsoft's Disk Operating System (DOS) in 1985, as Windows 1.0. Windows morphed in to many technologies since then. We have currently Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 available.

Windows is a proprietary operating system built by Microsoft. Thus, its inner workings are closed-source and not modifiable unless Microsoft provides a provision to do so. However, most programs written today will run on a Windows machine. Software written for Windows is in an “.exe” format exclusive to Microsoft Windows (and DOS).

Windows is great for mainstream computing as well as specialized tasks such as CAD, accounting and programming. It is also widely suppo...

... middle of paper ..., your choices are Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. These three operating systems are viable choices for an organization. While one OS may do something better than another OS, they all have their pluses and minuses. Non-technical people may want to use Windows or Mac OS X, while people with a technical background prefer Linux. In fact, in many organizations, there won't be just one operating system in use. This may as well be the case with your organization. Web designers utilizing Adobe's Flash software to create animations will not want a Linux computer; programmers developing Windows software will not want a Mac. And, the people in charge of the network may recommend Linux over Windows Server. Fortunately, each of these operating systems can work with each other. All of them use the TCP/IP protocol, so networking different platforms together should be easy.
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