From here the process set fire and spread across Europe, curing many, but also killing them too. This new discovery opened a channel of research for many doctors, until in 1774 a farmer named Benjamin Jesty discovered that the lesser illness of cowpox could vaccinate one from smallpox. Jesty’s discovery plagued the world and set another opening for research, into which doctors searched for the best way to vaccinate citizens with. Vaccination helped a plethora of people until 1980 when the disease was finally eradicated. However, smallpox’s ugly face reared itself just recently with the new threat of bioterrorism.
Wakefield conducted a study of eight children who had developed autism symptoms from MMR vaccination (Greg Pasco 2011). He supposed that the MMR vaccine leading to the development of autism inflamed the intestinal tracts of the children. In the presentation of the case, Wakefield admitted that he was not very sure that MMR vaccination was solely responsible for autism, but it created awareness that the vaccine could cause autism. His research was based in one of the renowned Royal Free Hospital situated in London. The publication of this paper in the British medical journal caused many parents to cease from taking their children to be vaccinated parti... ... middle of paper ... ... most of the attention from the media and this contributed to the majority of the people easily believing in the publication.
During the mail process spores of anthrax from the letters escaped and got on mailroom equipment exposing postal employees. If a person was exposed to enough anthrax and developed symptoms they typically died in a few days. Postal workers during the attacks where told that anthrax will appear as a white powder t... ... middle of paper ... ...iew, 24(1), 131-146. Shachtman, N. (2011, March 24). Anthrax Redux: Did the Feds Nab the Wrong Guy?.
His research was called weak by drug corporations, governments and media companies and was then discredited earning him a fraud reputation. His paper has since raised a decade long argument on MMR vaccine originating autism spectrum disorder. This has caused a lot of parents to withdraw their children from being vaccinated, which increased measles infections. Many studies and research projects have been carried out to find relevance between MMR and Autism. Patients with autism were found to have been harboring an increased number of antibodies to measles when a study was conducted on several patients of Autism.
“Some pathologists came to believe that something else was happening so they carried out dozens of autopsies and found the anthrax bacteria in the lungs and lymph nodes of those who had died, indicating it was airborne” (Hoffman, 1998). If this is the case then it would be in violation of the Biological Weapons Convention that was signed in 1972. And more to the point now perhaps was whether the Soviet Union was capable of fully revealing any violations and if not, could the world trust the Russian government. Needless to say, as people continued to die, suspicion mounted that there was something more insidious behind the scene. The geographical location of the Sverdlovsk is a very unique place.
Because it had swept upon the world so quickly, a cure was not available. The influenza of 1918 took people in a matter of days. A victim could be walking around feeling perfectly healthy one morning, be bedridden by nightfall, and have died before daybreak. Doctors were baffled, and gave vaccines that didn’t work. When one doctor was asked what the vaccine contained of, he said “the vaccines were just a soup made of blood and mucus of flu patients that had been filtered to get rid of large cells and debris” (Kolata 23).
Georgi Markov became sick that night and died a couple of days later. The autopsy that was conducted on the body uncovered a small pellet that had a coat of ricin on it, which is a biological poison (Mayer, p 4). Throughout the early 1900’s, Great Britain was developing a biological weapon program. It all started because Great Britain was afraid that Germany and Japan had a great advantage in biological technology in comparison to them. They were testing to see the range of spread of the anthrax spores.
This triggered panic of an epidemic within the United States and a vaccine was developed rapidly. Due to the fast development of the vaccine it was thus largely untested and not properly examined. The vaccine caused 532 people of the 48 million vaccinated to be paralysed by a disease called Guillian-Barre and a further 25 people were killed. (cite) In order for people to even begin to campaign for mandatory vaccination the vaccine itself must not have any chance of causing such devastating effects on people as it did in 1976. There are countless cases where vaccines that have not been properly tested cause death and severe injury to people.
For innumerable centuries, unrelenting strains of disease have ravaged society. From the polio epidemic in the twentieth century to the measles cases in the latter half of the century, such an adverse component of nature has taken the lives of many. In 1796, Edward Jenner discovered that exposure to cowpox could foster immunity against smallpox; through injecting the cowpox into another person’s arm, he founded the revolutionary concept known as a vaccination. While many attribute the eradication of various diseases to vaccines, many United States citizens are progressively beginning to oppose them. Many deludedly thought that Measles had been completely terminated throughout the United States; however, many children have been patronized by
Think of the flu virus in the early 1900’s, it killed thousands of people. The pathogens that make up this virus multiplied over and over until eventually there was an uncontrollable epidemic throughout the United States (Steinbruner, 1997). Many of us think that the influenza virus was an epidemic that will never happen again but then came other biological agents such as smallpox and the deadly anthrax virus. We’ve come to the realization now that biological substances are the weapons of choice. Yes we do have nuclear and chemical weapons that threaten our society, but these weapons aren’t alive.