Another question asked is how young is too young. Children who are too young to see an R rated film unaccompanied are being sent to adult prisons. The only boundaries that seem to matter when it comes to being an adult are laws that restrain kids from things such as alcohol, pornography, and other materials seen as unethical. Children that are sent to adult prison are going to be subjected to even more unprincipled ideas and scenes. When children can be sent to jail for something as minor as a smash and grab burglary, the judicial system has errors.
Bauduin (2001) explains that the objective of community care is to give people who are either physically or mentally disabled the opportunity to feel part of society. Alcock, Erskine & May, (1998) also credits the notion that “Care should not take place in institutions, whenever possible care should be encouraged in people’s own homes. Support should be family and community based” (p.310). One of the main issues that burdened institutions was the growing number of elderly patients; therefore, the government implemented the Health Services and Public Health Act 1968. This Act required local authorities to provide services such as home help, residential care, day centres and community hospitals for the elderly and the mentally ill (Blakemore & Warwick-Booth, 2013).
The United States had a high rate of citizens being admitted into asylums, and in 1955 560,000 residents of the United States were in a mental institution(“Timeline: Treatments for Mental…” 1). These asylums provided a way for patients to escape the judgmental eyes of the public and heal with accepting and understanding doctors and attendants. In the 1800s the ideal way of successfully curing mental illnesses was by the use of moral treatment. Moral treatment focused on the aspects of a normal life, so that the patients could be a part of the community again(Kent 68). Early asylums were a place of refuge for people who had struggled with mental illnesses, but as more and more people were being admitted to these ins... ... middle of paper ... ...ally have a mental illness.
Unfortunately, not enough hospital beds and places to stay are available for all of those people who need hospital care, so hospitals must move people out to make room for new patients. The space for mentally ill patients has always been low, but it has dramatically dropped in the past few decades. A movement involving deinstitutionalization occurred in 1965, and was advanced by society’s worries about civil liberties of patients. Courts then decided to regulate the amount of patie... ... middle of paper ... ...ness As Precursor to Long- Term Care Reform." Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured (Apr.
The hospitals mostly provided the very basic essentials of life, and not much more. Soon after, “moral treatments” began. It was believed that people could be cured of their mental health problems by being removed from their environment that was believed to be the cause of their illness. They focused on altering their behavior to conform to social norms (Lightner, 1996). These treatments did not prove to be effective and soon the hospitals became overcrowded.
The prisons in United States are overly represented with people suffering from mental illness. Dorothea Dix, in 1841, began to lobby to move inmates with mental illness out of the jail system, which was not suited for them, and into an asylum. Within a short amount of time, she was successful in her mission. Many mentally ill were moved into hospitals which were able to treat their specific needs better than the jail system was able to. But the problem resurfaced again, this time in a different form.
In the wake of the Great Depression and World War II, funding for state psychiatric institutions began to dwindle. Yet, the National Institute of Mental Health emerged to tackle the mental health crisis in 1949. Psychiatric drug therapy, like chlorpromazine, along with new research and training for mental health providers saw that outpatient community treatment was a legit alternative to state institutionalization. Subsequently, the Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963 provided federal funding for outpatient treatment programs. In essence, when America shifted to deinstitutionalization it allowed people with a serious mental illness to remain in the community.
The three goals are promoting public safety, reducing criminal recidivism, plus engaging and retaining mentally ill offenders in appropriate treatment resources. Public safety is the main reason courts in America were invented, so they can determine if someone is or not, a danger to society (Yuma County Superior Court Mental Health Court, 2013). Keeping those who are consider dangerous locked up and away from society, creates a safer environment. Secondly, reducing criminal recidivism is another goal for MHC. Studies showed that the majority of mentally ill people who entered jail/prison, would come in and out of the Justice System (Yuma County Superior Court Mental Health Court, 2013).
Deinstitutionalization is the process of replacing long-stay psychiatric hospitals with less isolated community mental health services for those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability. Basically, it is the act of transitioning those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability from a psychiatric hospital into the real-world community. Deinstitutionalization has had many effects on the community, the diagnosed patients, and the mental health system as a whole. Some of these effects could be considered as positive, and some of these effects could be considered as negative. In the end, determining whether deinstitutionalization is more beneficial or detrimental to society and it’s patients comes from ruling out whether the positives outweigh the negatives or vice versa.
He purposed the Community Mental Health Care Act, and shortly after his death it was passed in to law. This act promised federal funding for mental healthcare outside of institutions and in the communities. These community programs were supposed to include both inpatient and outpatient care that focused on the treatment of the mental illnesses that were prevalent within that specific community. It also hoped to establish educational programs for the community as a whole. The hope was to reduce the number of individual in institutions, which at this time was nearly a million mentally ill and retarded individuals, and to provide more effective humane care on a smaller scale.