Decision Making Process Model

1923 Words8 Pages
Introduction The decision is to select an action among a number of actions that solves a given problem, that prevents a problem from happening, or that forces to apply new ideas for development. The need for understanding decision making process is increasing because the complexity of modern organizations is increasing, and because the modern organizations' effectiveness depends on the decisions made by the managers. The question is how to select the most appropriate action to solve the problem satisfying all stakeholders. Many methods have been developed to simplify the decision making process. In this paper, the rational model of decision making will be discussed first. Then, some of the factors that cause deviation in the rational model will be clarified. Rational Model of Decision Making Process The reason of discussing this model of decision making process first is because this model is considered the ideal method of making decisions for the organizations. It assumes that individuals usually maximize entrepreneurs, and that the decisions are accomplished by a step-by-step procedure which is both logical and linear. To make a decision according to this model, it is necessary to start from the beginning by collecting all related information . Then, this information has to be analyzed and then all solutions are suggested. These solutions are then analyzed and all of the negative and positive outcomes of each of them are considered according to criteria for comparing these solutions to finish with the best decision. The rational model does not put any limits for time or cost needed to reach the ultimate goal. Its main purpose is to come up with a decision that would maximize the profit, and that would comply other pre... ... middle of paper ... ...beliefs of the group, to make sure that will not disrupt the consensus of the group as a whole. This pressure often takes the form of urging the dissident member to remain silent if the one cannot match up one's own beliefs with those of the rest of the group. Type of leadership skills and practices can lead to the deviation of the rational model of the decision making process. The group pressures the help to maintain a group's illusions are sometimes fostered by various leadership practices, some of which involve subtle ways of making it difficult for those who question the initial consensus to suggest an alternative and to raise critical issues. The group's agenda can readily be manipulated by a suave leader, often with the tacit approval of the members, so that there is simply no opportunity to discuss the drawbacks of a seemingly satisfactory plan of action .
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