Introduction The inability to determine liability for malicious traffic transiting the internet is a difficult, but not impossible and failure to act is not acceptable. Without the ability to assign liability, the environment of continually shifting responsibility will continue to foster lackluster security practices by all parties on the internet and create undesirable economic costs. To address this issue, it is necessary to assess the parts of the problem including the costs of malicious traffic, the actors on the internet, and issues around assigning liability. Following establishment of the factors is a recommendation for assigning liability. Scoping the Problem The concept of assigning liability is not new to the world, but the internet presents unique challenges.
Each side is unselfishly supported by specific examples giving readers a chance to make their own opinions. Vitanza has chosen articles which incorporate the basics of the Internet, its history and its downside in an open and honest manner. Unfortunately, CyberReader is not for those who want a clear cut step-by-step method to the Internet. Vitanza begins CyberReader with articles defining virtual reality, cyberspace and hyperreality. One murky chapter follows another, providing readers with a glimpse into the world they are entering when using the Internet.
The principles of the actual world are difficult, if not finally impossible, to apply to the Internet. Legislators and citizens are trying to apply the Constitution to the Internet, but the major problem is applying this document to the World Wide Web. For many citizens of the actual world, this is not a problem; they say just apply the constitution as we do to the actual world. For others however, this kind of thinking is part of the problem. Just applying it to a virtual world, they argue, is an unjust application that really, in the long run, cannot be implemented.
First, through the fact that it transforms our intellect to be horizontal to the detriment of deeper understanding. Since a limitless library of resources is open to us always, we tend to skim through information, not taking the time to think and discuss the information inwardly for it to truly enhance our knowledge. The internet is also affect our communication the same way as our intellect, by making it lateral and only offering snippets of contact through texting apps and social medias. This prevents us from learning about and from each other through deep connections. Furthermore, the web also impacts our memory as we take for granted the easy access to information, making search engines our personal transactive memories.
Leaning (2002), offers the viewpoint that because we impose our “determinism” to technology, the lines between the world of technology and the real world intertwines. Therefore things like writing and speaking are shortened and become the norm. The importance of using our hands and mouths to project thoughts are guarded behind a technology based wall. There are risks of playing a part in the broad open space of virtual land. Many of us, do not know the hazards that we take in participating.
The Internet has paved the way for anonymous interactions, effortless communication, and storage for important information, which has dramatically transformed today’s society. Hiding behind an anonymous mask for many internet users may be an empowering experience for them. "On-line or even off-line when people’s identity is hidden they become sort of different people. When our identity is not intact our idea of the consequences are sort of nonexistent" (Anonymity Breeds Bad Behavior on Web). They often tend to develop vulgar language and post vile, chauvinistic, and often threatening comments.
We are tasked to use the Internet on a daily basis and we task students to use the Internet regularly, but to use it properly we must adhere to ethics. Ethics is not a law but your moral code. We must know how to avoid plagiarism, know the acceptable use of the Internet, and we must be familiar with Censorship in order to know what moral standards to follow with the World Wide Web. Plagiarism, or as Steven Gardiner (2001) calls it cyber cheating is the new twist for cheating. Over the years plagiarism has become much harder to detect.
Wisdom tells us that too much of everything is bad. If we make use of it to an extent that it impedes our daily life and begins to interfere with it then it is indeed a cause for concern and would start impacting us negatively. Use of internet through ICT is indeed convenient and interactive but we must try and make use of it positively so it doesn't interfere in our daily lives and influences us positively. The idea for the existence of ICT is to use it responsibly for it to work for us efficiently and effectively.
This problem is compounded by the chronic fear of incompleteness or the intimidation of learning the mechanics of hardware and software use (Haywood 1997). In the pre-Web world, library classification systems enabled information seekers to experience both specificity and serendipity. Now, the Web has lots of serendipity but achieving specificity is more difficult (ibid.). Other information management issues are emerging in the electronic environment. Computers lend an aura of authority to the information found through them, leading users to make assumptions about the nature, quality, and comprehensiveness of what they find (Froehlich 1997; Kerka 1999).
Meaning of Cyberspace Oxford dictionary defines Cyberspaces as “the notional environment in which communication occurs over computer network”. Merriam Webster dictionary defines cyberspace as “the online world of computer networks especially the internet”. The word “cyber” refers to cybernetics which means in Latin means to steer which represent the notion “to govern”. It emphasizes on the navigation through space of electro... ... middle of paper ... ...ation devices, the cyber world is increasingly being connected to the lives of not just the elite class but also of the countless millions of people. Today internet and social media is not a luxury but has become the very necessity of human lives.