The manner in which cultural norms can influence personality and behavior, gender norms also highlight different traits between different genders and thereby influence the development of personality. Just like the influence of culture on the appearance of women should be every culture in around world believe that women Should be submissive and caretakers to their husbands which is made to be a historical been ideal feminine traits. Old-fashioned African society looked upon women as eternally dependent on men. Women have to be secure and directed by men. Women are often objects of utilization, and a source of wealth to men who handle them like personal property. For instance, in West Africa people subjected that married women should earn money
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Society is not a realm in which all of the rules are listed on paper; people naturally abide them due to their countless experiences. The results of these incidents or the incident as a whole sometimes transform itself into an unspoken code that people are assumed to know by heart. For example, humans are treated differently - usually with more respect and higher expectations (such as CEOs or famous actors and actresses) - when they are in a very high position or level in an industry. No matter how much or little they do, they are frequently noticed more by the media than anyone else. But how about those who live in their normal lives trying to bring home the bread and milk for their families? Or those who do a substantial amount of service and deeds for their communities and companies? Ty...
It is clear that throughout the Western tradition men and women occupied different roles in different civilizations. Separate rights and privileges were awarded to either sex based upon the places that their cultures designated for them. Though every culture had those that would (often justifiably) upset the order of things by challenging conventional gender roles, ultimately, one was more likely to be confined by the limitations of what society said one could do. Religion in particular tended to codify the separate treatment of men and women; it could not be easily defied, because of the divine power behind it. Although no two religions were quite the same, a few generalizations can be made; monotheistic cultures allowed less fluidity between masculine and feminine gender roles and gave males a more powerful place in their societies, where polytheistic gender roles permitted greater flexibility and were more likely to sanction female authority figures.
In Mariah Burton Nelson article “I Won. I’m Sorry” she discusses how ingrained the concept of gender roles are within American society. She states how women are expected to be feminine while men are anticipated to be masculine. Nelson’s article highlights how these assumptions cause society to delegate standards of beauty and submission for women to fulfill while assigning standards of dominance and aggression for men to fulfill. In Aaron Devor’s, a professor of sociology, essay “Gender Role Behaviors and Attitudes” he debates that the existence of gender assumptions are not biological but rather a cultural construct. He refers to people who follow this cultural construct of gender as actors;
Sexual violence is sometimes thought of as a natural part of life. That men have an inherit biological trait that predisposes them to violence and that it cannot be helped. The famous quote is “boys will be boys” meaning that men have no control over their actions and that if they sexual assault someone, that it is just human nature. This is in fact false. There is nothing in the biological makeup of males that can explain away sexual violence. It is a learned cultural behavior generated by gender norms and the medias perpetuation of sexual violence.
Misogyny is not the result of the physical state of womanhood; it is the product of the conventions that a society has established for how a woman should compose herself (Rey). These societal rules were created with the intent of perpetuating a patriarchal system in which women cannot express themselves freely. Misogyny is an attempt at enforcing these rules, and misogynistic behaviors can be performed by anyone. While The Gender Knot discusses how the limitation of female sexual expression and the enforcement of gender roles are forms of misogyny, “Girl” and “Mona Lisa Smile” indicate how these practices affect women.
The discussion of culture and the aspects of individual cultures, the religious affiliations, world views, and groups that each culture prescribes to are as varied as the crystals of ice are in a snowflake. No one culture is exactly the same and no singular person of the culture is identical. However, basic cultural norms shape the behaviors and ideologies of those who identify with a specific culture. In the works of Nanda & Warms “Cultural Anthropology”, (2011), culture is the road map for which individuals follow to provide an understanding of their social construct and provide the basis for meaning to their environment (p. 2). It is discussed that Ethnography is the manner in which the researcher observes cultural activities to gain an understanding and nuances to their workings (p. 2). To that end I called upon a man who has been a friend for several years to sit down over coffee and share his life story. Although he is an American citizen, his parents were born in Puerto Rico in 1929 and 1930. His parents hold American citizenship but were raised within the Hispanic Puerto Rican culture. His grandparents were not of American citizenship until well into older-middle age. Puerto Rican citizens were not recognized as American citizens until 1917. John, as he will be referred to in this paper, and at the writing of such is a 49 year old Hispanic-American male of Puerto Rican descent. He is single, once married to a woman due to his strict Catholic upbringing. However, he knew he was homosexual when he married and believes his wife also knew, but she married him regardless of the truth to keep up the facade. He is now a cautiously open member of the LGBT community. He was born and raised in the United States, speaks f...
What exactly is a standard? According to Webster’s dictionary, a standard is a level of quality or excellence that is accepted as the norm or by which actual attainments are judged. Standards are created because someone believes that a fair and efficient form of doing something is necessary. The military is full of these standards. One of the most widely known is the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). It tests the maximum amount of push-ups and sit-ups a person can do in two minutes. Along with completing a two-mile run in the allotted time prescribed. The APFT is different from any other standardized test I have ever seen. It is painfully obvious that the test is severely skewed in the females favor.
Human beings have been, and always will be, dichotomized into either male or female. When determining a person’s sex we often look for differences in facial features, body shape or mannerism’s, but another promising way to determine a persons sex and one that is most often used today, is through gender roles. Gender roles are behaviors that portray masculinity or femininity. The theory behind gender roles through multidisciplinary viewpoints is the focus of this paper. Throughout history and in every culture these roles have shifted and transformed into what society says is expectable. In this analysis, gender roles will be examined through a sociological, biological and evolutionary scope.
The terms sex, gender and sexuality relate with one another, however, sociologists had to distinguish these terms because it has it’s own individual meaning. Sex is the biological identity of a person when they are first born, like being a male or female. Gender is the socially learned behaviors and expectations associated with men and women like being masculine or feminine. Gender can differentiate like being a man, woman, transgender, intersex, etcetera. Sexuality refers to desire, sexual preference, and sexual identity and behavior (1). Sexuality can differentiate as well like being homosexual, heterosexual, bisexual, etcetera. Like all social identities, gender is socially constructed. In the Social Construction of Gender, this theory shows
Articulate what you have learned this semester about dispelling the myth of "Man the Hunter and Woman the Gatherer", which flourished under the patriarchal influence in archaeology of the early to mid twentieth century. Give a few examples of ways that women contributed in prehistoric societies or contribute in modern tribal societies which were largely overlooked by archaeologists in the past.
Throughout today’s society, almost every aspect of someone’s day is based whether or not he or she fits into the “norm” that has been created. Specifically, masculine and feminine norms have a great impact that force people to question “am I a true man or woman?” After doing substantial research on the basis of masculine or feminine norms, it is clear that society focuses on the males being the dominant figures. If males are not fulfilling the masculine role, and females aren’t playing their role, then their gender identity becomes foggy, according to their personal judgment, as well as society’s.
There has been a culture shift over the past century: gender roles in society are changing, and people are less and less conforming to the same traditional characteristics they are expected to fulfill. Now we have families with women breadwinners and stay at home dads. What caused these changes? Wars, feminism, metro sexuality, and the internet/media have contributed to the changes in gender roles in western culture specifically it was. Growing up in a time with all these challenges in what is the appropriate way and inappropriate way to act has left kids more than ever struggling to find where they fit into society.
As a result of the highly controversial nature versus nurture debate, psychologists have begun to question the influence of culture norms on the development of an individual’s personality. This essay discusses the impact diverse gender roles in Western culture and Indian culture have had on specific aspects of personality using the Big Five factor model, as empiral evidence supports the theory that personalities are shaped by the culture they are established within. Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development specificy time frames and particular processes throughout the lifespan that can contribute to the development of personality. During the period in which a child attends school, the presence of encouragement or discouragement can determine how competent the child feels in their abilities, and how willingly they will continue a particular behaviour. In Australia, education is encouraged for both genders, however in India, greater importance is placed upon the education of male children. Research has shown the difference in gender roles has impacted the average extraversion and openness scores on the Big Five personality test. Similar results were obtained when the gender differences in employment were compared to other cultures; however, employed Indian females exhibited higher scores of conscientiousness than Australian females. Lastly, this essay examines the differences in gender roles when approaching interpersonal relationships and how this may have contributed to variations in personality traits between the two cultures, as Indian couples who have joined in an arranged marriage appear to reflect on their own behaviour more frequently, leading to an increase in the traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness. It is evid...
Around the world gender is genuinely seen as strictly male or female. If you step out of this “social norm,” you could be considered an outcast. This disassociation includes, biological males/females, interssexed, and transgendered individuals. These people are severely suppressed by society because their gender identification, behaviors, and even their activities deviate from the norm. Most Americans are exceedingly devoted to the concept that there are only two sexes. Therefore, the constrictive American ideals of male and female gender identities inhibits growth and acceptance of gender expression.
Society has stamped an image into the minds of people of how the role of each gender should be played out. There are two recognized types of gender, a man and a woman, however there are many types of gender roles a man or a woman may assume or be placed into by society. The ideas of how one should act and behave are often times ascribed by their gender by society, but these ascribed statuses and roles are sometimes un-welcomed, and people will assume who they want to be as individuals by going against the stereotypes set forth by society. This paper will examine these roles in terms of how society sees men and women stereotypically, and how men and women view themselves and each other in terms of stereotypes that are typically ascribed, as well as their own opinions with a survey administered to ten individuals. What I hope to prove is that despite stereotypes playing a predominant role within our society, and thus influencing what people believe about each other in terms of their same and opposite genders, people within our society are able to go against these ascribed stereotypes and be who they want and it be okay. Through use of the survey and my own personal history dealing with gender stereotyping I think I can give a clear idea as to how stereotypes envelope our society, and how people and breaking free from those stereotypes to be more individualistic.