The Cuban Missile Crisis most definitively is known for how it halted nuclear attack on the brink of a hot war. With missiles in Cuba and Turkey pointing at each other, a stalemate was created between the Soviet Union and the United States. A policy of Mutually Assured Destruction was followed in order to prevent either side from attacking the other in fear of mass amounts of death and environmental consequences that would be caused by a nuclear war between the two most powerful countries in the world. The United States had always had weapons in Turkey within the region of the Soviet Union, being threatened by this the leader of the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev order for missiles to be sent to the communist ally in the caribbean which was Cuba led by former revolutionary Fidel Castro. After this event had occurred President Kennedy addressed the nation and the world on how the U.S. would respond to such threats. “ This urgent transformation of Cuba into an important strategic base--by the presence of these large, long range, and clearly offensive weapons of sudden mass destruction--co...
... Cuban attack with all-out nuclear retaliation. In response to the increased Soviet ships coming with weapons, JFK ordered a blockade, which he called quarantine because a blockade is an act of war, around Cuba. For 13 days, the world held its breath as the threat of a nuclear war hung over the world, but the Soviets eventually turned back and Khrushchev agreed to remove weapons from Cuba in exchange for no US invasion of Cuba. Meanwhile in Berlin, the city was in turmoil between the East (Soviet) and the West (US controlled). In order to stop the mass exodus of East Berliners, the construction of the 90-mile Berlin Wall began. Both Kennedy and Khrushchev sought ways to ease the tension between the two groups, establishing a hotline between the White House and the Kremlin, and later this led to the Limited Ban Treaty, which banned nuclear testing in the atmosphere.
President Kennedy was informed at 9.00 AM on Tuesday, October 16, 1962 that the Soviet Union had placed nuclear missiles in Sierra del Rosario, Cuba. This confirmation was made by an authorized U-2 flight over the area on October 14. Kennedy was immediately briefed by CIA director Marshall Carter who explained what the missiles meant and how it affected the United States. By this time, Kennedy had created a council, now referred to as his Executive Committee or ExComm. Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara and Secretary ...
On October 22, 1962, after reviewing newly acquired intelligence, President John F. Kennedy informed the world that the Soviet Union was building secret missile bases in Cuba, a mere 90 miles off the shores of Florida. After weighing such options as an armed invasion of Cuba and air strikes against the missiles, Kennedy decided on a less dangerous response. In addition to demanding that Russian Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev remove all the missile bases and their deadly contents, Kennedy ordered a naval quarantine (blockade) of Cuba in order to prevent Russian ships from bringing additional missiles and construction materials to the island. In response to the American naval blockade, Premier Khrushchev authorized his Soviet field commanders in Cuba to launch their tactical nuclear weapons if invaded by U.S. forces. Deadlocked in this manner, the two leaders of the world's greatest nuclear superpowers stared each other down for seven days - until Khrushchev blinked. On October 28, thinking better of prolonging his challenge to the United States, the Russian Premier conceded to President Kennedy's demands by ordering all Soviet supply ships away from Cuban waters and agreeing to remove the missiles from Cuba's mainland. After several days of teetering on the brink of nuclear holocaust, the world breathed a sigh of relief.
October 14-28, 1962, the world never came so close to nuclear war. For 13 days, the world sat on the brink of nuclear Armageddon. In the end, rationality didn’t prevail; it was all but for a bit of luck that kept this hair's breadth of a situation from escalating. The crisis exemplified the doctrine of mutually assured destruction, which would come to define the rest of the Cold War. It also showed how fragile diplomacy can be when addressing the issue of preventing global annihilation. This conflict was not simply between the United States and Soviet Union. As written in Decolonizing the Cuban Missile Crisis, Mark Laffey and Jutta Weldes document the Cuban perspective on the situation that they argue is often overlooked. In addition, Castro’s role is also overlooked. In One Minute to Midnight, Michael Dobbs examines Castro’s influence on the crisis and how he helped to hold the world hostage.
...re rational members like Robert F. Kennedy urged the President to consider all parts of the impending debacle along with waiting for a reaction from Khrushchev before any defensive retaliation began. Khrushchev denied that Soviet or Cuban forces were commanded to shoot down US unarmed flights. President Kennedy counting on his conscious believed in the sincerity of Khrushchev’s words.
Many agree that the Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war; but exactly how close did it come? The Crisis was ultimately a showdown between the United States and the Soviet Union from October 16 to October 28, 1962. During those thirteen stressful days, the world’s two biggest superpowers stood on the brink of a nuclear catastrophe. The Crisis started as a result of both the Soviet Union’s fear of losing the arms race, and Cuba’s fear of US invasion. The Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, thought that both problems could easily be solved by placing Soviet medium range missiles in Cuba. This deployment would double the Soviet arsenal and protect Cuba from US invasion. Khrushchev proposed this idea to Cuban Premier, Fidel Castro, who, like Khrushchev, saw the strategic advantage. The two premiers worked together in secrecy throughout the late-summer and early-fall of 1962. The Soviets shipped sixty medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs) along with their warheads, launch equipment, and necessary operating personnel to Cuba. When United States President, John F. Kennedy discovered the presence of these offensive weapons, he immediately organized EX-COMM, a group of his twelve most important advisors. They spent the next couple of days discussing different possible plans of action and finally decided to remove the US missiles from Turkey and promise not to invade Cuba in exchange for the removal of all offensive weapons in Cuba.
In October of 1962 the United States became aware that there was a Soviet Union missile base was under construction in Cuba. The United States did not want to have a war that was not necessary so they tried to resolve the issue. Everyone was mainly concerned about how close Cuba was to Florida, only 90 miles, and how easily they could be attacked. The Cuban Missile Crisis almost created an atomic war between the United States and the U.S.S.R.
In his book, The Week the World Stood Still, Sheldon M. Stern states, "Never before or since has the survival of human civilization been at stake in a few short weeks of dangerous deliberations." This statement accurately sums up the Cuban Missile Crisis, a period of 13 days at the height of the Cold War in which the Soviet Union and the United States where on the brink of a thermonuclear world war. With the United States threatening both the USSR’s borders and Cuba, their only ally in the west, Nikita Khrushchev, the leader of the Soviet Union, needed to take action. Based on the state of the world at the time, the Soviets’ placement of nuclear missiles in Cuba and negotiations were completely reasonable, and the United States’ response to these actions was irrational and dangerous.
The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. During the crisis, President Kennedy sought the help of secret intelligence to find out more about the Soviet’s plan. The spies and technology used during this event were important, risky, and very valuable assets to the United States.
Since the conclusion of the Chinese civil war in 1949, China and Taiwan have functioned as separate nations. There has always been the promise by Taiwan to reunify with the mainland, but no real, concerted effort has ever been made. This and the actions of the United States on behalf of Taiwan have caused China to become threatened by the situation in recent months. The Chinese government released a statement last week that will bring the situation to a head in the near future. In light of China's statement and the response of Taiwan and the U.S., we have to ask what the situation means for China/U.S. relations.
...the island of Taiwan where they overpowered the locals. Chiang Kai-shek renamed the capital Taipei and the ROC recognized the government was the government of Taiwan, however, PRC did not. The United States came in to back up Taiwan from the PRC, which made Taiwan a bargaining chip.
The Cuban Missile Crisis began with a set of photographs taken over Cuba by an American pilot.2 These photographs showed that Russians were building missile bases in Cuba and placing missiles and atomic weapons there that were easily within range of the United States. President JFK and Robert Kennedy were both stunned. From this point a board of advisors was created and called the Ex Comm, who met every day during those thirteen days and debated the various courses of actions, and consequences of each, that the president could take. Kennedy emphasizes the making of this board as a lesson for future government officials because he believes that it "proved conclusively how important it is that the President have the recommendations and opinions of more than one...point of view."3