It isn’t the fact Socrates gave women a role in the ideal society, but rather the fact that he proposed such a controversial idea. The notion of women and their equivalencies to men has been something that has been brought up time and time again throughout history and will always remain a great debate. In The Republic Book 5, Socrates says that even though women are not as physically strong as men, women still have the same abilities and aptitudes as men. Therefore, women should be treated equally with men. Because women have the same mental abilities as men, it is possible for them to become leaders as well.
Confucius and Plato Confucius and Plato are two of the most respected and most widely studied teachers of history. There philosophies of how people should be governed and what characteristics make for a good leader. Both men’s ideas are good for the civilizations that they lived in, and they shared many similarities in their ideas. My own ideas of an ideal leader are a mixture of these two men’s ideas. The personal experiences of both men also play a key role in how they shape their ideas.
The ideal education was designed for future guardians, molding women into the male paragon. Plato judged men to be biologically more competent as a class in all activities, and woman should do what men do (457e). Women have always been at a disadvantage. Plato did not think any methods were possible to correct women's slight disadvantage. Without changes in gender expectations, there is no way that education can be identical.
The new feminism is represented by a masculine feminist who embraces her femininity and is not afraid of being aggressive, assertive, independent, and competitive. In a male dominated world, being a masculine feminist has been the only alternative to be considered a leader and even though most societies have been based in patriarchal backgrounds, leadership is not a role only for men anymore.
He was clearly one of the most important political and military leaders in the history of Rome Julius Caesar’s legacy comes from his major achievements. He will be remembered as a mastermind in military, in statesmanship and in oratory. It was his efforts and determination that led to the final transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. His skill as a general also allowed him to beat his ultimate enemy in the final civil war against Pompeius.
For hundreds of years philosophers have argued, debated, and fought over this topic. Justice can clearly be defined as the intention to conform to truth and fairness. This is true justice. In Plato's, "The Republic", Thrasymachus and Socrates debated on the topic of justice. Thrasymachus seemed to be very sure of himself when he defined the idea.
The major pillar to the development of the Roman Empire was its military might. The Roman military is thought to be the most successful and powerful military in human history. Fiero (2013) stated, “Rome’s highly disciplined army was the backbone of the Empire”. The Roman army was extremely organized and knew how to adapt. The army had endurance to defend against invasions from their enemies and to expand the empire throughout the Western world.
Even today, rational thought is used by all of us and continues to influence society. The power of the modern mind has proved greater than any other Greek could have ever expected. The creation of rational thought began in the Greek city of Ionia. The citizens there were open to new ideas and influenced by traders from around the world. Laws were invented by these Ionians and written down to express the will of their society.
We will also try to recognize that law will continue to evolve, as does man throughout history. Many people believe that Plato, whose life span was 427-348 B.C., has exerted a greater influence over human thought than any other individual studied throughout history. He was a student of another tremendous contributor to human thought, Socrates. Plato had written a commentary on democracy called "The Republic." In this book he discusses the ill effects democracy has on the people, but also analyzes the inevitable need for political leaders.
Plato and The Republic 360 BC THE REPUBLIC by Plato translated by Benjamin Jowett 360 B.C. THE INTRODUCTION THE Republic of Plato is the longest of his works with the exception of the Laws, and is certainly the greatest of them. There are nearer approaches to modern metaphysics in the Philebus and in the Sophist; the Politicus or Statesman is more ideal; the form and institutions of the State are more clearly drawn out in the Laws; as works of art, the Symposium and the Protagoras are of higher excellence. But no other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; no other shows an equal knowledge of the world, or contains more of those thoughts which are new as well as old, and not of one age only but of all. Nowhere in Plato is there a deeper irony or a greater wealth of humor or imagery, or more dramatic power.