(2009). Wilderness therapy within an adolescent sexual offender treatment programme: A qualitative study. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 15(2), 161-177. Stermac, L. & Hucker, S. (1988). Combining cognitive-behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy in treatment of pedophilic incest offenders.
Furthermore, the majority of ch... ... middle of paper ... ..., H., Taylor, N., & Prentice, K. (2014). Equine Facilitated Therapy with Children and Adolescents Who Have Been Sexually Abused: A Program Evaluation Study. Journal Of Child & Family Studies, 23(3), 558-566. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-013-9718-1 Lipovsky, J., & Hanson, R. (2007). Treatment of Child Victims of Abuse and Neglect.
Many do not heal without years of therapy from a traumatic experience. According to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System, an estimated 777,200 children were determined to be victims of abuse or neglect by a protective service agency in the United States in 2008, and 9.1% of these children were determined to have been sexually abused (Draucker, 2011). Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a prevalent problem in the United States that is associated with many long term psychological, behavioral, social and physical effects on men and women (Draucker, 2011). These effects can make a person’s life a living hell. They turn someone into a person that they may not have been if the tragic event didn’t happen to them.
Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 10(4), 319-328. doi:10.1007/BF00758262 Phasha, T. (2008). The link between the emotional consequences of child sexual abuse and school experiences. Sex Education, 8(4), 465-480. doi:10.1080/14681810802433994 Schilling, E., Aseltine, R., & Gore, S. (2007). Young Women’s Social and Occupational Development and Mental Health in the Aftermath of Child Sexual Abuse. American Journal Of Community Psychology, 40(1/2), 109-124. doi:10.1007/s10464-007-9130-3 Walker, E., Holman, T., & Busby, D. (2009).
Elder abuse offenders: A typology. Generations. 24 (2). Roberto, A., K & Teaster, B., P. (2005). Sexual abuse of vulnerable young and old women.
Further, families with non-divorced parents were characterized by parents engaged in extramarital affairs and exposing the children to a sexual climate. The absence of the father in chaotic families can lead to girls being abused by their brothers. In one study, 32 adolescent sibling offenders and 28 adolescent non-sibling offenders were compared (Royzman, Leeman, & Sabini, 2008)The sibling offender group reported significantly more marital discord (between parents), parental rejection, physical discipline, negative family atmosphere and general dissatisfaction with family relationships. Family factors related to sibling incest namely, parental rejection, abuse and marital conflicts. Their conclusion is that family dynamics have a key role in creating the context where sibling Incest could occur.
Taylor & Francis e-Library. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/31878461/9-Bagley-amp-King-Child-Sexual-Abuse-1990 Finkelhor D. Hammer H. & Sedlak A. J. NISMART Bulletin: Runaway/Thrownaway Children. Sexually Assaulted Children: National Estimates and Characteristics. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/214383.pdf Irish, Kobayashi, Delahanty & Douglas. (2009).
(1996). Mediating factors in the development of psychopathology in victims of childhood sexual abuse. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 8(4), 291-316. Wijkman, M., Bijleveld, C., & Hendriks, J. (2010, March).
As Nitu (2012) notes, many women who are in abusive relationships have a true fear of further violence if they leave, attempt to leave, or seek help in dealing with an abusive relationship. These fears transcend their fears for their own personal safety and move onto their fears of abuse to their children, if any are present. As a society, we have the right to ask that question. As of 2003, domestic violence was costing the United States over 8 billion dollars, with over 1 billion of that cost being for fatalities due to domestic violence situations (Nitu, 2012). Furthermore, the risk for children who are present in abusive relationships rise as well.