This has supported by his writing that he believed that a successful form of government depend on the good relations between the people and its leader. Also he strongly believed that once cannot have total control and that things would be run as its course when the t... ... middle of paper ... ...ill just do what the leader ordered because they fear the consequences of not doing it. Notably, Lao Tzu’s perceptual teaching and Machiavelli’s rationality tactics were both too intense and harsh; either method will not persist long in today’s modern politic government where people believe more in freedom. However, it is because both Lao Tzu’s and Machiavelli’s ideas were too extreme, that the most effective government is to combine both ideas from the two philosophers in order to balance out. Lao believed that the less the leader or government intervenes; the happier the people.
If you do not control the power of the government they will eventually combine all their powers to form a tyranny. Publius believes that in order to encroach this ... ... middle of paper ... ... more than likely disagree with Paine as in doing away with government, as it is needed in order to form a good society. Publius would agree with Locke because they both think that you must have a government in order to form a civil society and that a government will protect you and secure your natural rights as a person. In conclusion to this, there is no such thing as a perfect government, only a great government yet even then they will still have some flaws. Necessary evils are necessary in government in order to surpass history and improve on itself.
It also can use democracy’s voting system to promote their interest instead of the common good. Besides, religious beliefs and moralities cannot be relied on to regulate human from doing harm. Therefore, Madison believes a republic government is better than pure democracy for the controlling mischiefs of majority faction. Another reason is since people have different faculties from the very beginning, the government should be held by people who possess more wisdom and patriotism. They will have better skill to advance the public good and run the government.
In order to keep leaders from doing the wrong things, he says to just give them good advice and to trust them to rule and defend the state as they see fit. To be a good citizen in a Machiavellian government, isn’t too hard. Factionalism weakens the state so being involved in conspiracies and mobs would be the actions of a bad
Individual freedom is not only objectively good; it is necessary for a government to work effectively. Democracy provides a protection and safety that the totalitarian states of communism and fascism do not. Safety and confidence in the system preclude political participation on an individual level, which leads to a more fair and representative government overall. In his lecture The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns, Benjamin Constant enumerates some of the reasons democracy has emerged as the world’s preeminent form of government. Whereas in antiquity, “the condition of the human race… made it impossible then for [representative government] to be introduced or es... ... middle of paper ... ...has been shown that, although democracy deals with its own engrained challenges, it is by far the most benevolent form of government on a fundamental level compared to all other viable alternatives.
Bessette and Pitney, Jr. support the idea that “strong partisanship…can be healthy for deliberation and democracy” (296). In Federalist 51, Madison suggests that because of human nature’s shortcomings coupled with the opportunity of power through governance, “ambition must be made to counteract ambition” (331). The dysfunction of the American political system is not instituted by political partisanship, it cannot be blamed solely on media actions, and the system of government institutions and functions is not at fault: it is a problem of the political knowledge and character of the citizenry. Madison wrote that “knowledge will forever govern ignorance: and a people who mean to be their own governors, must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives” (Barbour 179). The systematic dysfunction of American politics is underpinned by the weakening of political knowledge and involvement across the population.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke have authored two works that have had a significant impact on political philosophy. In the “Leviathan” by Hobbes and “Two Treatises of Government” by Locke, the primary focus was to analyze human nature to determine the most suitable type of government for humankind. They will have confounding results. Hobbes concluded that an unlimited sovereign is the only option, and would offer the most for the people, while for Locke such an idea was without merit. He believed that the government should be limited, ruling under the law, with divided powers, and with continued support from its citizens.
Of course, no one really wants the government to be collecting such intimate information about him or her (Kymlicka 19). Although the government cannot be as thorough and direct in filtering preferenc... ... middle of paper ... ...ttempt at ensuring the well-being of a person or of society as a whole. I believe that the informed preference satisfaction approach has good and rational intentions in ensuring that well thought out and smart life decisions are made. This account of utility is essential to life, not just political philosophy. The informed preference satisfaction account of utility is discussed and examined thoroughly by Will Kymlicka in his work, ““Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction.” The objections to the account are well merited but the overall purpose and intentions of this account of utility are logical and best for increasing the welfare of society.
Two characteristics among a democracy include having a unique citizen that is right for the public, and allowing laws to protect everyone's fair play. Another type of government is an association under absolute control. Absolutism is the idea of governing by divine right, in which the ruler can come off as believing they are superior. This idea can be the cause of persuading rulers to be better than other parties. As stated in A History of Western ... ... middle of paper ... ...shed democracy ends due to Ralph not receiving enough respect from others, and lacking the ability in ruling efficiently.
A famous Enlightenment thinker and man of many talents once mused, “The purpose of government is to enable the people of a nation to live in safety and happiness. Government exists for the interests of the governed, not for the governors.” Thomas Jefferson was evidently one of the few people who have had a profound impact on history, and he helped lay down the foundations of one of the today's most powerful nations. His words have more than just a ring of truth to them. The role of government is not to be loved by the people; instead, the good government plays a role in repressing what can only be called the darker side of human nature and trying to create a more peaceful and orderly society. People have never loved their governments, and indeed, many of them disapprove of their government, but the fact of the matter is that, without government, civilization would be at a standstill.