Colorado River Basin Analysis Paper

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Colorado River Basin Analysis

The Colorado River is the principal water source in the US Southwest. Spanning 246,000 square miles and providing water to over 30 million people, it is clear to see the importance of maintaining and preserving the Colorado River’s water. In 1923, the Colorado River Compact was signed by six of the seven basin states. The Upper Basin states include portions of Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and northern Arizona. The Lower Basin covers parts of Nevada, Arizona, California, southwestern Utah, and western New Mexico. The Colorado River also supplies water to parts of the states of Baja California and Sonora in northwestern Mexico. The Colorado River is considered an exotic stream because it flows mainly through arid lands despite its headwaters being located in a region of water surpluses.
Residents of the seven states mentioned:Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Arizona, Nevada and California all heavily depend on the water from the basin. …show more content…

This means that economic and political interests are not limited to one state. However, I believe the states with the most at stake are the lower basin states. Since California, Arizona and Nevada’s combined populations are larger than that of the upper basin states, we could assume that the need for water in these areas is greater, on account of the individual populations. However, upon reading the textbook and articles about the splitting of the Colorado River, it seems that the portions for each state remain unbalanced. When the Colorado River compact was signed in 1923, the ratio of water to water usage was severely overestimated. This issue continues to be relevant today because of this same principle. With that said, every state has some degree of interest in this water. The river water plays a role in each state’s social and economic

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