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Cloning

Powerful Essays
Cloning. Many people associate it with science-fiction novels, not with real life, but animal cloning is a process that is being attempted today all over the world, and human cloning might be next. But should cloning be made illegal? According to the Washington Post, cloning should be made illegal because all nursery rhymes would have to be rewritten: Mary didn’t have a lamb, she had two lambs and a sister named Bridget who looked exactly like her. Mary and Bridget went to school one day with both lambs, but the school board threw them out as cloning was against the rules. Also, the role of the father is not important in cloning. He can make one child, but the next is done by Xerox machine. Cloned children, however, would also celebrate Father’s Day. All cloning should be made completely illegal because such an insignificant amount of births are successful, nearly all clones have health problems, and the technology is far from perfected.
Very few animal clones make it to birth, and the ones that do usually have serious health problems, including physical deformities (such as enlarged umbilical cords) to life-threatening conditions (like being born with no immune system) (Boyce 42). Less than three percent of all cloning attempts succeed: “ . . . scientists have good reason to be pessimistic: several years of animal cloning work has taught them that most cloned animals never even make it to birth and the rare ones that do all too frequently have [serious health] problems” (Boyce 42). Because of all of these facts, cloning should never even be considered on human beings. “Scientists estimate that fewer than a quarter of [cloned] newborns would survive without intensive care” (Boyce 43).
A very high probability of animal clones having all sorts of problems including poorly developed lungs and failing hearts, to grossly enlarged placentas and misshapen heads exist in all cloning attempts. Any attempts to clone a human with today’s technology would almost always produce a child with some sort of defect, whether major or minor. “Many [cloned animal] newborns have poorly developed lungs. And cattle have been born with deformed heads” (Boyce 42). Scientists say that they see some sort of genetic problem almost every time they clone and they do not know what is wrong with the cloning process, or why the cl...

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... not have enough room to develop in the uterus. Cloned animals have nearly always had some sort of obvious defect, and the ones that do not look normal almost always are not really normal. Also, there are 30,000 genes and the chances are extremely small that an egg cell would reprogram all of these genes correctly (Kolata 1). As a result, the clones are not normal. Because of all of this, cloning should be made illegal.
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Works Cited
Boyce, Nell. “Multiplicity Perils. A Human is Likely To Be Cloned and Soon. Is It Worth the Risk?” U.S. News & World Report 19 Mar 2001: 42-43.
Griffith, Victoria. “Scientists To Lend Weight To Attack On Human Cloning.” Financial Times 28 Mar 2001: 6.
Kolata, Gina. “Researchers Find Big Risk of Defect in Cloning Animals.” New York Times 25 Mar 2001: 1.
Josefson, Deborah. “Scientists Plan Human Cloning Clinic in the United States.” British Medical Journal 10 Feb 2001: 315.
McPherson, Coco. “Creation Myths.” The Village Voice 13 Feb 2001: 12.
“Why Not Human Clones?” The Christian Century 21 Feb 2001: 5.
Zitner, Aaron. “House Sets the Stage for Debate on the Cloning of Humans.” The Los Angeles Times 25 Mar 2001: A.20.
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