Climate Change Contributing to Biodiversity Loss in Australia’s Tropical Rainforests

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The Australian tropical rainforest is an important biodiversity hotspot to save. In a world dominated by humans, it is essential to preserve what helps keep us alive. The trees of the Australian tropical rain forest contribute to their environment by providing oxygen, climate amelioration, and supporting the wildlife. In an in-depth research done by Zachos, he found this information to be true. "One acre of forest absorbs six tons of carbon dioxide and puts out four tons of oxygen. This is enough to meet the annual needs of 18 people"(Zachos 319). These trees and plants are the source for many of the things that we use. Medical drugs, paper, and oxygen are just a few examples. Animals supply us with food and scientific research. However, Australia's tropical rainforest is being greatly affected by climate change. This is leading to a decrease in the biodiversity in the region. Biodiversity is the variety of living things in a specific geographic region. Biodiversity loss is a decline in the number of species, genetic diversity, or ecosystem. Over the past 200 years, Australia has experienced the most significant decline in biodiversity than any other continent. It is one of the most bio diverse countries in the world, meaning it has the some of the most vegetation and variety of species. With this in mind, reports have proven this statement correct. "According to the Australia State of the Environment Report 2001, Australia harbors seventy-five percent of the earth’s total biological diversity. Australia has two of the world’s recognized 35 terrestrial biodiversity” (Zachos and Habel 312). The rainforest covers about 6-7 percent of the land surface and is home to many creatures. “The Tropics are characterized by their evergreen ... ... middle of paper ... ... any human activity should be limited to one area. This can decrease deforestation and exploitation of organisms. Human alteration of the environment has led to a short on the distribution of organisms. This is going to cause humans a great deal of consequences in the future. Therefore, humans should take the necessary precautions to save the environment. Earth’s most unique feature is the ability for life to exist. In that case, it makes its diversity feature extraordinary. There are more than nine million different types of animals, plants, fungi, and protists inhabiting the Earth. The humans outnumber them to approximately seven billion people. This leaves the question of how much biodiversity has to be loss before humans have to suffer the ultimate consequences. Ecosystems and their ability to provide society with the goods and services needed to prosper.

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