Final Exam Essay Context: This past semester we studied the Civil War. Neither side anticipated the war would last long and both sides assumed they would win. The result of this conflict was 620,000 American men lost their lives. Question: Why did the North win the Civil War? What to include: Use at least five of the documents to defend your answer. Remember to ICE your textual evidence. Be sure to include a thesis in your essay. Outline: 1. Intro with thesis 2. Body paragraph with textual evidence 3. Body paragraph with textual evidence 4. Body paragraph with textual evidence 5. Conclusion explaining why it matters the North won the war Document 1: Resources for War: North Versus South Chart Document 2: Major Battles of …show more content…
The Southern states had a combined population of about 9 million. This disparity was reflected in the size of the armies in the field. The Union forces outnumbered the Confederates roughly two to one. Document 5: Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation "That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom." Lincoln, A. (1863, January). Emancipation Proclamation. Washington. Document 6: From Nps.gov THE BATTLE OF …show more content…
In document #7 it had a section from Eyewittnesshistory.com, this talks about Sherman's march. In this section it talks about how Union general Sherman lead soldiers down to the South and as they passed through towns they destroyed everything. When he got too deep into the South, he cut himself and his soldiers off from connection with the North. Along the way his army was joined by thousands of slaves who after their plantations were destroyed, had nowhere to go. (Eyewittnesshistory.com) This is important to the war because the confederates had no more supplies and their major cities had been taken over by the south. Although the south had some good generals, none of them proved to believe in total war like Sherman did. This is not the only example of a time when the Union proved to have good military tactics, in the battle of Gettysburg they proved that their military tactics are better than those of the South. From Nps.gov The Battle Of Gettysburg it talks about the gruesome turning point in the war, it claims “[The union] met the Confederate invasion near the Pennsylvania crossroads town of Gettysburg, and what began as a chance encounter quickly turned into a desperate, ferocious battle.” (The Battle Of Gettysburg) This shows the Union’s military tactics because when the Confederates were marching into the North to attack them at their homes the
Union officer William Tecumseh Sherman observed to a Southern friend that, "In all history, no nation of mere agriculturists ever made successful war against a nation of mechanics. . . .You are bound to fail." While Sherman's statement proved to be correct, its flaw is in its assumption of a decided victory for the North and failure to account for the long years of difficult fighting it took the Union to secure victory. Unquestionably, the war was won and lost on the battlefield, but there were many factors that swayed the war effort in favor of the North and impeded the South's ability to stage a successful campaign.
The right military strategy is the key to a war. In order for the South to win the war, they would have needed to apply what is now called a blitzkrieg strategy. This would have been a quick decisive attack on the North to follow up its early victories of Manassas in the East and at Wilson's Creek and Lexington in the West.
During the time period of 1860 and 1877 many major changes occurred. From the beginning of the civil war to the fall of the reconstruction, the United States changed dramatically. Nearly one hundred years after the Declaration of Independence which declared all men equal, many social and constitutional alterations were necessary to protect the rights of all people, no matter their race. These social and constitutional developments that were made during 1860 to 1877 were so drastic it could be called a revolution.
As stated in Industry and Economy During the Civil War, “The North 's larger number of tracks and better ability to construct and move parts gave it a distinct advantage over the South” (Arrington). Having the trains to help move the troops and supplies aided in saving time and strength for the Union army as they moved in to occupy the Confederacy territory. The Union contained approximately 70 percent of the nation’s railroads (Strengths and Weaknesses of the Union and Confederacy Double-Bubble Map). The substantial percentage of railroad tracks was not the only advantage the Union had over the Confederates. They also had trading ships and a large naval force (Strengths and Weaknesses of the Union and Confederacy Double-Bubble Map). However, the Confederacy wasn’t completely unprepared for the war, they had numerous powerful leaders on their side to help protect their land. There were numerous former officers of the United States Army that fought for the South giving them experienced fighters to help with their strategy and they also had numerous well-trained soldiers that were excellent at shooting ("Mr. Dowling The Civil War: Strengths and Weaknesses"). The strengths of having a railroad, navy, and trading ships was a great advantage to the Union, however, the Confederacy had few to none of these except for leaders with
The ending of this battle is tragic and enlightening as well, the great idea of sneak attacks at dawn by the Confederates and the righteous timings of reinforcement by the Union, brought this story to my attention. Gathering this information brought me believe that this is a movie, a novel, but this was actual real life. Losing lives in a battle like this one bring only one thing to mind, that each side was fierce on fighting for what they believe in. No other battles before this have had this much bloodshed in less than a day, the planning done by Grant and Johnston was phenomenal. The steady mind of Johnston and the brave hearts that were under Grant is what brought this battle to what is today’s history. Working on this essay has been excellent in my learning process and I hope to be doing another one soon.
The American Civil War was one of the deadliest wars in American history, resulting in 620,000 casualties of soldiers and undetermined number of civilian casualties. Southern slave states declared their withdrawal from United States and formed the Confederate States of America; also know as “The Confederacy.” Northern twenty states free of slavery and five slave states in north came to knows as the Union. Many strategy and tactics were used during the American Civil War. In order to understand the military strategy and tactics of Union and the Confederacy, one must understand the manpower each side had, previous war experience of the commanding officers on both side, and using rivers and railroad to their advantages.
First, the South couldn’t have won the civil war because state’s rights prevented unification of the South. The very issue that created the Confederacy helped to destroy it. In waging war, the South faced problems of politics and government that greatly complicated its problem of economic mobilization. No one would deny the troublesome effect of the conflict generated by differing ideas of how best to protect liberty and to organize southern society for the war effort. Southern people insisted upon retaining their democratic liberties in wartime, which proved fatal for the South. They had to struggle with a “confederacy formed by particularistic politicians [that] could hardly be expected to adopt promptly those centralists polices which victory demanded” (Donald, p. 26). Individual state governors fought bitterly with Jefferson Davis to prevent him from consolidating power to fight the war. They withheld troops and supplies while the Confederate Congress spent its time arguing over the rights of the states instead of prosecuting a war of national survival. Many internal conflicts within the South were acquiring and weakening the South’s unity. Internal conflicts caused confederate officials to choose between moving troops from the coasts and strengthening their armies, or leaving the...
The Northern states produced 97 percent of the nation’s firearms, 94 percent of its cloth, and 90 percent of its shoes and boots, providing the Union army with unlimited supplies (Keene, Cornell, O’Donnell 376). The North’s elaborate railroad system was also twice the size of the Confederates states, giving them the advantage in mobility. The South however, knew that they had certain advantages over the North. To begin with, they believed they were fighting a war for independence, much like the one that the colonists had fought against Great Britain a century earlier. The South also had a geographic advantage over the North. In order to be successful at
The North had nearly 21 million people living in 23 of the Northern states giving the Union the advantage of a larger army (“Strengths and Weaknesses: North vs. South"). Not only would this mean they would have more people to join the army, but they would have enough people to stay and work in the factories. The people of the North not fighting in the war could grow crops and produce weapons and/or clothing for those in the war. The population in the South was much lower than that in the North. The South had a population of 9 million people in 11 Confederate states, 3.5 million of those people being slaves (“Strengths and Weaknesses: North vs. South"). Due to this small population, there were fewer people to participate in the war and not many people to work to make supplies for the Confederates fighting in the war. The less people to make these supplies, the less supplies made and the longer it takes to make those supplies. This is again a strength to the Union because they are able to have the advantage of having more supplies for those fighting in the war and having more people to fight for them, while the Confederacy has another
The Civil War was an inevitable conflict that was induced due to variations among North and South societies, slavery, and politics. American society grew to be more complex, and with the increased amount of sectional discord, compromise did not have the ability to solve the problems that were causing the divide of the United States. Three components that made contributions to the inevitability of war included sectionalism, the Compromise of 1850, and secession. Combined, these sparked a heavy dissension economically and between social classes, resulting in war.
Of the 51,103 casualties in the battle of Gettysburg, more than half were the confederate. The union and confederate had about 75,000 soldiers, (background essay) and the battle of Gettysburg was also the battle with the most casualties. The confederate had lost 37% or 28,063 men due to soldiers either killed, wounded, or missing. The union lost 27% or 23,040 men (doc B). Clearly, the south lost much more men than the north and the south didn’t have many men to raft. These losses would impact the confederate a lot because they would not have enough men to fight in future
In the year of 1861 the North had approximately 22 million people. The South, in comparison, had a population of nine million people, three and a half million of which were blacks. While numbers may not always be a deciding factor in war, it certainly did affect the outcome of the Civil War. The Union's large population allowed it to have a big army while still maintaining an adequate amount of workers at home to provide supplies for the country and army. When the men in the South left to fight there w...
Therefore, neither of the generals exceeded the other when it comes to military strategies, which rather debunks Shaara’s depiction of Longstreet’s advanced knowledge of modern warfare. Despite of the importance of the Battle of Gettysburg, often marked as the turning point of the war, General Longstreet should not obey an order that results in a significant loss of men that would be extremely difficult to replace at this time. Already limited by the amount of men still able to fight, pushing additional forces in an open battle would just nearly deplete the confederate soldiers completely. Since this battle was one that went on until a majority of ones sided were depleted, the south should have played it safe against the Unions nearly surplus supply of
As our National Anthem goes, America should be the “The land of the free”, and our Constitution calls us “equal”. During the time frame of the Civil War, however, America was the complete opposite of free. As a whole, we struggled with finding a solid conclusion to end slavery and the unfair treatment of African-Americans who were in and entered America. Even after the Civil War, discrimination and segregation were still major issues that plagued our past society. But as for the Civil War, America was truly not the “Land of the Free”.
The Civil war was the time in the American history when American were trying to get the answer of like who Americans are, what right should they possess, whether a person can own the other person or not which took placed during 1861 to 1865 between southern and northern states over the issues of slavery. Civil War era is usually portrayed as the ear of war over the conflict of slavery fought between North against South as a struggle over free labor against slave labor and local sovereignty against Federal power. During the civil war and slavery era, African American had endured exclusion, humiliation, degradation, segregation in the American civil society.