Then going over the remainder of the war and how Vicksburg’s fall effected it. After all of the researching I found the answer. Without supplies an army can’t function and the Confederates relied on one location for that. The battle of Vicksburg was the most important battle in the Civil War because it cut off the supply route between the two divisions of the Confederates. If Robert E. Lee’s army actually did win the battle of Gettysburg but lost Vicksburg, the outcome of the war would have been the same.
The Union believed in their superior industrialization, population, and strategy. Many Northern politicians and common men felt like the South would fall easily and quickly to the advanced Union Army. In a manifestation of almost military arrogance, the Northern public pushed for an preemptive strike on Richmond, Virginia; the Confederate Capital. But Brigadier General Irvin McDowell expressed concern over attacking Virginia, mainly because of his nascent army composition. No training or conditioning had taken place yet.
Fort Donelson, Tennessee, guarding the Cumberland River, became the site of the first major Confederate defeat in the Civil War. Victory at Donelson started Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant on his road to Appomattox and the White House. His cool judgment under pressure saved the day after the Confederates threatened to break his troop lines, yet errors by his opponents handed him a victory that he did not fully earn on his own. Possession of the better part of two states vital to the South depended on the outcome of the battle at Fort Donelson. When war began in April 1861, Kentucky declared its neutrality, in response to deep conflicts of opinion among its citizens.
After the loss at Gettysburg, Confederate soldiers began to lose hope. Although spoken to by their commanding officer, the confederate side never regained their once great victories. Later on President Abraham Lincoln gave a rousing speech to the people at a cemetery commemorating the lost lives at Gettysburg. The pen may be mightier than the sword, but treaties and truces are no match for gunfire and cannon balls. Robert E. Lee, Confederate army General, won many battles leading up to Gettysburg.
The war effort united Southerners under a unity of purpose in the early days of fighting, but after 1863, as the war waged on and years passed, Southerners began to lose faith in the Confederacy (Perman, 229). In addition to a crumbling national identity, the necessities of war diminished morale among citizens of the Confederacy. Early on, the South believed that Europe would a... ... middle of paper ... ...ew the war he was fighting was not an epic Napoleonic battle but a war of attrition. He proceeded with his plan to slowly shrink Confederate territory and destroy Lee's army to the point that the South could no longer mount a viable defense. Eventually Grant succeeded and Lee's men were all that remained of the Confederate army.
As the divide grew, tempers and attitudes flared, as d... ... middle of paper ... ... Civil War because it transferred the upper hand from the Confederates ultimately sealing the Union’s victory. After the Battle of Gettysburg, the tides turned. Lee’s army no longer poses a threat in northern territory and the north could then take over southern cities, beginning its efforts towards restoration of the Union. After the Confederacy lost, southern people began to reconsider the reasons behind the war and fighting. Also, the fact of this war being the highest casualty number ever at this point in history, people no longer wanted to enlist or support the battling.
The North was fighting the Civil War for two reasons, first to keep the Nation unified, and second to abolish slavery. Abraham Lincoln, the commander and chief of the Union or Northern forces along with many other Northerners believed that slavery was not only completely wrong, but it was a great humiliation to America. Once can see that with these differences a conflict would surely occur, but not many had predicted that a full-blown war would breakout. One did and after three bloody and costly years for both sides we come to the date of July 1, 1863. Before the battle, major cities in the North such as Philadelphia, Baltimore, and even Washington, were under threat of attack from General Robert E. Lee?s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia which had crossed the Potomac River and marched into Pennsylvania.
This was the spark that ignited the hatred between Johnston and CSA president Jefferson Davis (History). Johnston felt that his low rank in the army was a personal insult from Jefferson Davis.... ... middle of paper ... ... Tennessee in 1865, but only for a short time. Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard attempted to surprise Union forces at the Battle of Bentonville in March 1865. For awhile the battle was close and Johnston was making good progress through Union lines, but eventually Union reinforcements arrived out numbering Confederate forces three to one.
While they got a boost of morale and fought harder, the Union army got discouraged. People from the North realized this battle wouldn’t be as easy as they thought. McDowell retreated, but the Confederate army was too disorganized to chase after the Union. President Lincoln removed McDowell from command, and George B. McClellan replaced him. The confederates accused people for letting the Union escape.
What if certain elements had played out differently, would the outcome of the war still remain the same? What if he decisions made by Generals of both the Union and Confederacy were even remotely different? What if Harrison, a confederate courier spy did not discover a large mass of Union troops moving to the north? What if he was simply lying? If he was lying, he had General Robert E. Lee, one of the most famous men in the south and second in charge of the Confederates, General James Longstreet fooled.