The election of Lincoln, secession of the southern states and the Confederate States of America Constitution set the stage for the bloodiest and saddest war in American history. Before the Civil War even began the nation was divided into four very distinct regions; Northeast, Northwest, Upper south and the Southwest. With two fundamentally different labor systems, slavery in the south and wage labor in the North, the political, economic and social changes across the nation would show the views of the North and the South. The civil war was based on the abolitionists' ideas of emancipation and liberation of slavery the North wanted the war in order to create a society without slavery. The North's aggression to control the south lead to the where were it was no longer tolerable for the South. With the election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln, the southern states decided they had to take drastic action in order to protect their own interests. The south had been waiting for an excuse to secede form the union, the election of Lincoln by the North was their chance. The Northern abolitionists' states were mainly responsible for the Civil war in many political, social and economic aspects.
However, the South painted him as a South-hating abolitionist who vowed to entirely destroy slavery. Even though after Lincoln won the election he assured the South no end to slavery, the Civil War was initiated at the Battle of Fort Sumpter. Lincoln and his staff maintained that the purpose of the war was to save the Union. This reasoning was given to retain the support of the border slave states and prevent Democrats from being alienated. However, pressures of the war prompted Lincoln to change his mind. Many Republicans pressured Lincoln to free the slaves as they no longer had an obligation to respect the Southern peculiar institution. They also pointed out slavery was what caused the war and would have a foreign policy advantage: repelling Britain from recognizing the Confederacy’s sovereignty. Also during this time, the Union was growing weary in response to a number of military failures and the enlistments were down; freeing that slaves would mean the Union recruit free blacks into its armed forces. Finally, it freed millions of innocent blacks from their shackles, which represented the American ideal of opportunity and equality. Despite all the pressure, Lincoln resisted. However developed a compromise: a gradual emancipation plan and colonization program. It was aimed at keeping Britain neutral, freeing the slaves, weakening the
The war went or two more years. People started to desert and grumble. Lincoln was almost voted out of office, but then the end came in sight. The Union captured Richmond, the Confederate capital! This gave the Union more spirit and they finally defeated Robert E. Lee. People where ecstatic. The war was finally over, both the North and South rejoiced. So in 1865 the worst war in American History ended. The Civil War, however, did not mark the end of slavery. The rights of African Americans were still to be decided.
People often view the Civil War as a war over slavery; this in fact is only half true. During Abraham Lincoln’s Presidency, the struggle between the states took on many different identities and played many different roles for the nation. It began as a war to restore the Union and to save the social experiment that is democracy from a complete failure but soon developed in to an all or nothing war for the freedom of the “negro” man. The Emancipation Proclamation initially used as a strategy to hit the South where it hurt most was soon the war cry for most if not all Republicans fighting for their nation. Lincoln, whose read on the pulse of the people and timing was never less than impeccable, beautifully orchestrated the war from the side of the Union. Synchronizing both political strategy and
“Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live.” The bloodiest war in American history was the American Civil War, a conflict on the issue of slavery that had split the nation into two, resulting in more than 620,000 deaths. The election of 1860, granted that Abraham Lincoln was president, many southerners feared him, for that he will terminate slavery once and for all. Consequence of the 1860 election was the secession of eleven southern states from the Union; including South Carolina, Texas, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. These eleven states formed a new nation; the Confederate States of America, they appointed Jefferson Davis as their president. Now they attack Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, the small garrison of Union troops quickly surrendered. This attack marked the beginning of the long, bloody Civil War. A major theme of the Civil War was war is terrible as supported by the Battle of Antietam, diseases combined with prisons, and Sherman’s March to the Sea.
In the modern age, where we attempt to condense information as much as we possibly can, many of us believe there was one cause behind the American Civil War – Slavery. While slavery was the largest issue, both directly and indirectly, that contributed to the Southern states voting in favor of secession, there were many other factors behind the decision. First, there were the economic, social, and political differences between the North and South, which began to increase as the North slowly began abolishing slavery. Secondly, there was the argument of states’ rights versus federal rights, where the South believed more in a weak federal government, with states having more rights. Thirdly, there was the growing abolition movement in the North, with more and more northerners becoming opposed to the idea of slavery. Over a long period of time, these three factors continued to stretch the nation to its breaking point. Then, in 1860, the election of Abraham Lincoln proved to be the final catalyst in a deadly mixture, causing the first of the Southern states to choose to secede from the United States of America, a choice which would eventually lead to the Battle of Fort Sumter, and the most bloody war to ever be fought on American soil.
With the evidence of Lincoln's election becoming a success, secessionists made it clear that they intend to leave the Union before Lincoln took office. It started with South Carolina, when they adopted an ordinance of secession. Then a little later Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, and Texas followed South Carolina's lead. Six of these states adopted there own constitution and declared themselves their own nation, the Confederate States of America. With this all happening Lincoln refused to recognize the Confederacy, Declaring secession illegal, thus rejecting Delaware, Maryland, North carolina, Virginia, Kentuck...
At the outset of his first term, Lincoln immediately had to deal with the issue of secession. His victory served as a catalyst for South Carolina’s secession from the Union. Following South Carolina’s lead were, Texas, Missouri, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina, who collectively recognized themselves as the Confederate States of America. Lincoln viewed this as unacceptable as he once stated, “a house divided against itself cannot stand” which refers to the separation between the North and South that was tearing apart the Union. The second main goal of Lincoln’s presidency was to deal with the expansion of slavery into new territories. He took a practical approach to controlling slavery, rather than try to abolish the entire institution, he used the free-soil ideology which stated that slavery was not morally wrong but it threatened opportunities for poor whites. He rejected potential solutions to this issue such as Popular...
Horrific! The American Civil War, also known as the War Between States and the War Of Secession, was an extremely gruesome and bloody war (World Book 614). The war, which started on April 12, 1861, when the southern troops fired on Fort Sumter, and ended 4 years later, took more American lives than any other war in history (614). This war was between a divided union in whish the southern states were trying to preserve slavery while the northern states were dedicated to a more modern way of life and were trying to end slavery (614). This war was fought in the minds of great men like Abraham Lincoln and Robert E. Lee and the end of the war was the beginning of a slavery free nation. The American Civil War was a horrible event in the history of the world which started from three main causes: slavery, disputes over states' rights, and because of the division which existed between the South and the North.
“War is at best barbarism….Its glory is all moonshine….War is hell. (Union General William Tecumseh Sherman) A wise quote by an even wiser man, The Civil War was agreed a “hell”. For four years (1862-1865) a war was fought between both Northern Union states and Southern Confederate states over the matter of slavery. During this time period many changes were happening in the United States; the election of an anti-slavery president, Southern states trying to secede to become their own independent country. These factors and many more including slavery were the main causes of The Civil War. To begin slavery was the main income for southern states.