Miliary tuberculosis is a rare form of the active disease that occurs when bacteria find their way into the bloodstream and affect multiple organs at one time. Initially, the bacterium causes the disease by ingestion of the human through droplet spray. Macrophages then consume the cells by phagocytosis. Due to the high lipid cell wall, it is able to withstand the harsh environment. It can survive and thrive in the patient, and continue to cause disease.
This leaves only Cholera, Leprosy and the Plague from the original list of 18 infectious diseases. There is a Cholera vaccine suggested for travels to area w... ... middle of paper ... ...website: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html Larson, E., Lin, S., Gomez-Pichardo, C., & Della-Latta, P. (2004). Effect of antibacterial home cleaning and handwashing products on infectious disease symptoms. Annals of Internal Medicine, 140(5), 321-329. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2082058/pdf/nihms-30143.pdf Mayo Clinic, (2013).
The bacterium begins to produce toxins when enough of the bacteria have accumulated in the stomach. It is the toxin produced that causes the disease. The toxin affects the cells of the gastrointestinal tract. This means the affected person does not have ordinary diarrhoea but also losses a large quantity of fluid along with it. Cholera is transmitted through bacteria that are excreted in faeces.
(2014, February). Cholera. Retrieved from http://discovery.yukozimo.com/who-discovered-cholera/ London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). (2014). John Snow Bicentenary.
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