Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart

analytical Essay
566 words
566 words

In Achebe’s Things Fall Apart, he openly goes against the colonizer’s idea of the African native. Within the Nigerian culture, which Igbo tribes would fall under, there are four different aspects of culture; the aspects are: material, institutional, philosophical, and creative (Chinyere Ohiri 49-50). In this story, the colonizer commonly goes against the philosophical aspect of the Nigerian culture. With this essay, the philosophical aspect of culture will be defined; the way that the colonizer goes against the ideas of the Igbos; and finally how Achebe shows that he goes against the ways of the colonizers.
According to Chineyere Ohiri, the philosophical aspect “is concerned with ideas, beliefs, and values” (49); in this time period, the Europeans commonly thought of the African people as uncivilized and uneducated heathens. The Africans did not have a formal education system where students sat in a classroom and listened to a lecture or even attend college; usually, the Africans had little formal education or “book smarts” but far more “street smarts”. These people knew how to properly plant and maintain land, along with survival hunting skills. Many of these people spoke in proverbs, as well. Little did the Europeans know, but the African people were actually quite intelligent when it came to survival skills.
Not only did the Europeans look down up the Africans because of their lack of “intelligence” but they also looked down upon them because of their religious views, which was another philosophical aspect of culture. In African religion, the Africans generally put a lot of emphasis and “belief in mystical forces – such as amulet, charms, herbs, sorcery, witchcraft and medicine” (Essien 237). Along with this, the Africans hav...

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...the readers through the story that the Africans are actually very intelligent. He wants his audience to realize that these people are not stupid but actually very smart, especially when it comes to farming and survival.

Works Cited

Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. Ed. Sarah Lawall and Maynard Mack. 2nd ed. Vol. F. New York: W.W. Norton, 1984. 2922. Print. The Twentieth Century.
Chinyere Ohiri, Innocent. "Promoting Aspects Of Culture Through Theatre-Related Establishments And Organizations." Culture & Religion Review Journal 2012.2 (2012): 49-50. Academic Search Complete. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.
Essien, Essien D. "Notions Of Healing And Transcendence In The Trajectory Of African Traditional Religion: Paradigm And Strategies." International Review Of Mission 102.2 (2013): 236-248. Academic Search Complete. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how achebe goes against the colonizer's idea of the african native in things fall apart.
  • Explains that the philosophical aspect is concerned with ideas, beliefs, and values. the europeans thought of the africans as uncivilized and uneducated heathens.
  • Explains that the europeans looked down upon the africans because of their lack of intelligence and religious views. both these ideas go against christianity's ten commandments.
  • Analyzes how achebe defies the colonizer's notion of african people. he shows that the igbo people, although often thought of as unintelligent, are intelligent.
  • Analyzes how achebe writes his story from a point of view that the colonizers are irrational and evil, but he uses western ideas. he makes the connection between igbo religion and christianity.
  • Concludes that achebe writes this story in a way that shows he is against the colonizer’s motives and actions.
  • Cites chebe, chinua, and maynard mack in the norton anthology of world literature.
  • Analyzes essien's "notions of healing and transcendence in the trajectory of african traditional religion: paradigm and strategies."
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