Nigeria, the “Giant of Africa,” has the distinction of being one of the richest and most populous African nations today. It has a fascinating history. Starting out as a prehistoric settlement (1100 B.C.), it has been home to numerous ancient African civilizations that gave way to Islam (11th century AD) and Christianity (15th century. Nigeria has also been a victim of the Transatlantic Slave Trade (15th century onwards) and was eventually colonized by the British (late 19th century.) After gaining independence from the British in 1960, the country became part of the Commonwealth and has oscillated between democracy and military rule
Located on the western coast of Africa, Nigeria is a populous country inhabited by people belonging to 250 different ethnicities that speak hundreds of languages and dialects. These ethnic groups have distinct religious and cultural practices, with a festive celebration designated for each day of the year. Nigeria is often hailed as the “Giant of Africa because of its vast, highly populated land and huge reserves of oil, coal, precious stones and other valuable natural resources.
English is, surprisingly, the official language of the country, but is mainly spoken in urban areas. Most people speak a form of English known as Nigerian pidgin. Other widely spoken native languages include Hausa, Yoruba, Ibibo, Fula, Igbo and Tiv, among others. Nigeria has a heterogeneous population, belonging to a variety of cultural and linguistic groups; this has been an advantage for Nigerians and is often the source of division and fractures in Nigerian society.
The country has a geography as diverse as its people – climates vary drastically between the wet and humid south and the tropical, semi-arid north, with the weather becoming progressively drier and hotter as you move northward.
The following is a useful compilation of essays and scholarly papers that provide an in-depth understanding of Nigeria. They deal with topics such as Nigerian history, politics, economics, education and the Nigerian public health system, among others.
Nigeria Nigeria had an eventful history. More than 2,000 years ago, the Nok culture in the present plateau state worked iron and produced experienced terracotta sculpture. The history of the northern cities of Kano and Katsina dates back to approximately 1000 A.D. In the following centuries, Hausa Kingdoms and the Bornu Empire became important terminals of north-south trade between North African Berbers and the forest people, exchanging slaves, ivory, and other products. The Yoruba Kingdom
Nigeria or the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal constitutional republic comprising of 36 states. The capital is Abuja and the states are further divided into 774 Local government Areas. It has a population of 168.8 million (World Bank). It is the most populous country in Africa which is comprised of over 250 ethnic groups with 50% of them being Muslims and rest other minorities. The living standards are very poor and there is not a proper health care system in Nigeria. The GDP of Nigeria
As Nigeria celebrates 100 years of unification between their northern and southern halves, they stand poised to assume a leadership role among African countries. With over 250 different ethnic groups comprising its citizenry, even a nation as successfully diverse as Nigeria can expect to encounter some roadblocks to establish and maintain stability. The biggest threats facing Nigeria today are systemic corruption, terrorist violence, and social/human rights. Nigeria’s 144 ranking out of 177 countries
Nigeria Modern Nigeria is an archetypal cauldron, enmeshed with a variety of cultural groups and traditions, nevertheless united by the prospect of forging a unique independent national identity. Hausa, Fulbe, Yoruba and Igbo are among the largest of those, in the forty -three years since the end of colonial occupation, struggling to maintain their linguistic and cultural affiliations while simultaneously converging t o create a syncretic sense of Nigerianness. Subsequently, as one means of understanding
Shell Nigeria In 1958 the Royal Dutch/Shell Group started drilling for, transporting and refining oil in Nigeria. Nigeria’s large supply of high quality crude oil helped Shell climb to the top, by 1994 Shell made more money than other company in the world. Everything changed for Shell in 1996 when the world became aware of their unethical business practices in Nigeria. Shell had raped the environment, violated human rights of the Nigerian people and manipulated local governments for profit. Royal
Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria. In 1989 the population was 1,274,000. It is still growing immensely as we speak. It is the former capital of Nigeria. It is located on the Gulf of Guinea. It occupies four islands(Lagos, Ikoyi, Victoria, and Ido). Lagos is Nigeria's largest city. It is the administrative and economic center of Lagos and also its main port. Main Industries include railroad repair, motor vehicle assembly, food processing, and the manufacture of metal products, textiles, beverages
corruption is prevalent in the Niger delta region of Nigeria; public officers in this oil producing state of Nigeria are corrupt. Consequently, it has defied the Niger delta from developing politically and economically which has left the states reputation in a mess. Radicalization of youths, abject poverty and -political instability are the three leading effects of corruption in the Niger delta region of Nigeria. Corruption in the Niger delta region of Nigeria has led to abject poverty in the state. State
dating back to over a century ago in what is considered today’s Nigeria and Cameroon. Borno, Nigeria’s northeastern-most state, witnessed the enslaving and killings for no reason led by Rabih Fadi Allah, an Islamic renegade, and Muhammad Ahmad, an Islamic reformer, during the late 1800’s.With such a hurtful impact on their country, there would be hope that violent and immoral actions would not reoccur for Nigerians. Today, Nigeria, Africa’s most populated country and largest economy, is seeing
Colonization of Nigeria The British were not the first to infiltrate Nigeria. They weren’t the second either. First of all, people within Africa have been migrating all over the continent, including Nigeria, way before there was even written record. Also, there has been so much mixing of ethnic groups over the course of time. However, it isn’t all that hard to trace back and find the first evidence of outside infiltration. External penetration of Nigeria started as early as the 9th century