Childhood and Adolescent Obesity

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Introduction A very good indicator for the health of the nation is the national epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity, currently a target objective for Healthy people 2010 (DHHS). The Surgeon General reports there are 12.5 million children between toddlers and school age who are obese, a prevalence of 17%, while children at risk for obesity have a prevalence of 16% (General). A third of the child population are obese or at risk for obesity. This condition crosses all age groups, ethnicities, socioeconomic backgrounds and is determined by the measurement of high Body Mass Index (BMI), based on weights and heights in children. Obesity is a leading contributing factor known to have an effect on the morbidity and mortality rates. This condition is one of the main reasons for the rise in hypertension, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, depression; chronic illnesses and diseases that are commonly associated with adults. Children and adolescent obesity continue to be a risk for health in the United States, especially when it manifests early in life. If the condition of childhood obesity is not reduced, the life expectancy for this generation of children could be less than their parents and grandparents. Currently the nation has several initiatives to combat the childhood obesity epidemic e.g. The First Lady, Michelle Obama’s “Let’s move” campaign, the FDA’s calories count, along with local municipalities changing school lunch programs, just to name a few. However, when severely obese children do not have success with non-surgical approaches some turn to bariatric surgery. Background Bariatric surgery is the reduction in size or restriction of the stomach in order to reduce the amount of food a person consumes. Bariatr... ... middle of paper ... ...ssive Symptoms in Adolescents With Extreme Obesity Presenting for Bariatric Surgery. Pediatrics , 1155-1161. NCHS. (2003-2004). National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from www.cdc./nchs/data/hestat/overweight/overweight_child_under02.htm. Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, l. R., & al., e. (2010). Prevalence of High Body Mass Index in US Children and Adolescents, 2007-2008. JAMA , 242-249. Organization, W. H. (2000). "Obesity:preventing and managing the global epidemic," Report of a WHO Consultation . Geneva : World Health Organization. Services, U. D. (2000). Healthy People 2010. Washington, dc: Government Printing Office. Internet Cites used: www.Pediatrics.org www.obesityjournal.org www.nih.gov www.fda.gov www.obesity.org www.cdc.gov www.jama.com www.ama.org www.healthypeople.gov www.nich.org

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