All theories are research-based, and all investigation is centred on interacting with children and interviewing people involved in their lives, trying to understand the child’s view of the world. Childhood studies recognize that every child is different and socially constructed, influenced by external factors, such as cultural and social constituents. On the other hand, childhood psychology looks at the child internally, concerned with examining the mind and behaviour, from foetus to adolescence, influenced by hereditary and environmental variances. The difference between the two disciplines is the ability of child psychologist to use genetic research to treat disorders that have been influenced genetically rather than only environmentally. In contrast, childhood studies could extend their research only to child behaviour and environmental factors.
THE IMPORTANCE OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT FOR EDUCATORS Education plays a vital role in developing children mental and social skills. Children and adolescents pass through lots of development stages on the way to becoming adults. Children develop physical, cognitive, linguistic, cultural, social, psychological and ethical, but they all develop at the different rate, as they do tend to follow stages. A teacher needs to understand what a child at a certain age should developmentally be able to do. Research in developmental neuroscience has demonstrated that children grow at different rates and may not achieve the same stage at the same pace.
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While reading Satrapi’s story, it is necessary to understand that the circumstances she encounters and her reaction to these circumstances parallel how youths around the world react to similar situations. Throughout her memoir, Satrapi uses stepping-stones that all children use and reaches the same stages of development that psychologists believe most children reach. For these reasons, Persepolis is a believable coming of age story. Throughout a child’s life, many factors influence their socialization. In Persepolis, Satrapi demonstrates the three major microsystems1 that influence a child’s socialization; family, education, and community.
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Child psychology, also known as child development, is the study of psychological growth of children; how these mechanisms develop from infancy to adolescence and why they deviate from one child to the next. Child development is associated with biological, psychological, and emotional diversity that occur in humans. Although there is a different advancement for each child, these developmental changes may be greatly determined by genetic factors and experience during prenatal life. The early years of a child’s life are very important for his or her health and development. Parents, health professionals, educators, and others can work together as partners to help children grow up to reach their full potential.