Characteristics Of Restorative Conferencing

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The key members at restorative conferences are the victim, the offenders, and their communities of care. There is no single united meaning of restorative conferencing. Dr. Mark Umbriet (2011), states that victim offender mediation conferencing is the oldest and most widely used form of restorative justice throughout the world. There are restorative justice programs in over 1,300 communities and 17 different countries (e.g. Umbriet, 2011). The restorative conferencing emphasizes those most directly affected by the crime. In Umbriet’s (2011) video, it stated that a multi-method approach is often most helpful. This is for a more victim sensitive and cultural sensitive approach to adapt the process to expressed needs of the person who was victimized,…show more content…
Critical values include: “primacy of victims, offenders, and communities of care; collective responsibility; social justice; and cultural flexibility” (Bazemore & Schiff, 2001, p. 176). The values underlying restorative conferencing offer primacy to the interests of those most influenced by offending including- victims, offenders, and their communities of care. Restorative conferencing accentuates the presence of shared values that can be utilized to address the offending and its outcomes and to reintegrate victims and offenders at the local community level. Restorative values emphasize human rights and the need to perceive the effects of social or substantive injustice (Bazemore & Schiff,…show more content…
A definitive goal of restorative conferencing is expanding the odds of the reintegration of victims and offenders into the community by reestablishing connectedness, lessening reoffending, and healing the victims’ harmed. Restorative conferencing stresses tending to such injustice acts in little ways as opposed to just giving offenders lawful or formal justice and victims with no justice by any stretch of the imagination (Bazemore & Schiff, 2001). Dignan and Cavadino (1996), describe restorative justice conferencing in four characteristics: (1) the delegation of powers from the state to members of the community; (2) the convening of a meeting to which supporters of victims and offenders are invited as a mechanism for arriving at a negotiated community response; (3) the empowerment of the offender and his or her family through formulating a plan that is acceptable to the other participants; and (4) monitoring of those plans (Bazemore & Schiff, 2001, p. 190). American Model of
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