Because of those numbers, problems within the correctional facilities are growing. An alternative is needed to assist in relieving several major problems within correctional facilities all around the United States. Criminal justice proceedings begin with the commission of a crime. Duhaime’s Law Dictionary defines a crime as “an act or omission which is prohibited by criminal law and punished, usually by
In order to defend my standing in this argument I will reason that the use of capital punishment has many benefits that trump any possible objections. Special attention will be given to the topics of deterrence, the families of the victims, and the increased population that has been occurring within our prisons. Any possible objections will also be assessed including criticism regarding the monetary value of the use of the death penalty and opposition to this practice due to its characteristics, which some identify as hypocritical and inhumane. My goal in arguing for the moral justifiability of capital punishment is not to use this practice extensively but rather to reduce the use to a minimum and use it only when necessary. Above all else, capital punishment should be morally justified in extreme situations because it will have a deterrent effect.
This increase is believed to be the result of the required sentences correlated with the increase of crime associated with drugs (Shigekawa). About one-third of the 1.5 million Americans arrested for drugs spend time in prison. It is also believed that the increase of prisoners is caused by the new sentencing guidelines. These guidelines decrease the judge’s influence on if someone should be convicted or not and increased the length of sentences. The three-strikes law causes nonviolent repeat offenders to serve long
Prison is not a good and enjoyable place to be in a first place however, more people are going to prison. This issue is not only threatening our correctional system, it is also threatening our economy as well. Our criminal justice system has been dealing with this issue in number of ways including, privatization of prison and increasing the uses of paroles and probations. One of the things that I would try to do is to prevent repeat offenders from coming back to prisons. According to (Wikoff, Linhorst & Morani, 2012.
Because convicted offenders tend to be locked up for longer periods than jail offenders, treatment possibilities in a prison setting are more far-reaching. The prison and treatment staff are in the best position to establish programs that fit the needs within their facility. In the best circumstances, offenders have the opportunity to abstain from substance use and learn new positive behaviors before release into the community (9 Treatment Issues, 2005). Issues Affecting Treatment in Prison Settings To determine the characteristics of one type of “criminal” personality that is shared by all offenders is nearly impossible. The hardened character traits and “manly” attitude adopted as part of the prison culture can discourage offenders from participating in treatment.
One of the most intriguing aspects of this course has been the study of American correctional systems. Statistics revealing the number of people either in jail, prison, or under another type of supervision is sobering. Additionally, the numbers of incarcerated persons in the United States as they compare to our “sister” nations is worthy of further investigation. In recent years, the component of corrections has found its way into the forefront of conversation as states scramble to discover new methods to reduce costs associated with incarcerating citizens. Moreover, getting acquainted with risk/needs assessments in the criminal justice process has brought a new curiosity of the subject to ponder.
Moreover, studies have shown that sexual victimization and solitary confinement have adverse side effects on inmates. If any of these variables are going to change for the better, then policy needs to change. Those in society, especially those with power who can affect policy in the penal system need to see these issues as a major problem. Some of the proposed solutions to reduce the incarceration rate and not new ideas, but a change in approach. Heroux (2011), suggested possible policy solutions to reduce the mass incarceration.
Crimes these days are carried out due to rebellion or peer pressure, whereas in Stuart times they were done in order to support for their family or overthrow the ruler (king). There are many similarities and differences regarding punishment techniques and how they reflect changing societal views. Incarceration, being today’s most used punishment method, is a way of mentally reforming criminals to prevent them from carrying out the crime again. From theocracies to democracies, with their citizens changing societal views have evolved to create a more equal society with more humane punishments. Eras and societies demonstrating this change are Ancient Egypt, Edo Japan & Stuart England.
Its legislation is one of the most powerful just from the amount of people it governs. However, it would be wrong to call it a perfect place. The prison system has a severe overpopulation problem that has been called a state of emergency. There have been several measures to change the system for the better reduce the prison population. With the federal court order we have almost reached our goal, but there is still much that has to be done to keep this way.
In the United States, prison overcrowding is caused by many issues. These include not enough room in prisons, increasing crime rates, and changes in the justice system’s laws. Causes of prison overcrowding may include: double-celling, prisoner misconduct, and psychological problems. By examining prison crowding, it is a problem but it is not known whether or not it will affect inmates. However, there should be some other sources on how to improve overcrowding conditions.