Other symptoms in chronic bronchitis are dependant on how much, or how little, emphysema is present. This disorder causes the lungs to become overstretched, making the breathing process difficult. The chronic bronchitic with no emphysema tends to be overweight and often has a bluish tinge to his or her lips due to lack of oxygen. Shortness of breath only occurs during exercise and other strenuous activity. The bronchitic with a great deal of emphysema, who has lost a lot of his or her oxygen cc exchanging ability, due to the condition, is short of breath at all times.
There may be an enlargement of the heart or cor pulmonale (right sided heart failure). Both emphysema and chronic bronchitis contribute to the destruction of the lung tissue and obstruction of the airway, which causes and impaired gas
It also weakens the ability of blood vessels to contract and dilate to fix the blood flow. These adjustments help artery blockages, which can cause a serious stroke or heart attack. As smokers inhale, hot gases burn the inside of the airways and large particles get into the airways of the lungs. After a while the smoke disfigures the lungs and harms the cilia, which are many micro hairs that go along the lungs and keep it clean. This increases the smoker’s chance of getting bronchitis, influenza, and any other lung infection.
Sudden and unexpected breathlessness is most likely tend to be caused by one of the following health conditions. There is accumulating evidence that in many patients, dyspnea is multifactorial in causes, and that in most patients, there is no single, all-encompassing explanation for dyspnea. (Manning & Mahler, 2001) First, a problem with your lungs or airways may disturb the patient’s breathing system. Sudden breathlessness could be an asthma attack. This shows that your airways have narrowed and you will produce more phlegm (sticky mucus), which will cause you to cough and wheeze.
Once this exchange has taken place, Carbon dioxide is removed from the body by breathing it out, or exhaling. Asthma is a disorder that interferes with the lungs and the airways to the lungs. It causes attacks of wheezing and difficult breathing. An asthma attack occurs when the airways respond to some kind of trigger, Some examples of triggers for Asthma attacks are dust, mold, pets, exercise, cold weather, and some attacks start for no known reason. The triggers may irritate the airways to the lungs, allowing disease-fighting cells to build up and causing the lungs to swell up.
This makes ventilation very difficult. When inflammation goes unchecked it develops further and causes structural alteration and narrowing of the ventilation tract and destruction of the lung tissue where gaseous exchange occurs (De SErres, 2002, p. 21). The term COPD is used to replace two conditions Chronic bronchitis and Emphysema. Chronic bronchitis is caused by inflammation of and narrowing of the bronchi as a result of continued irritation of the epithelia lining of this airways. It is characterized by presence of thick mucus which makes ventilation uncomfortable.
Smoking can cause many problems in the mouth, including mouth sores, ulcers, gum disease, cavities, loss of teeth, and smokers are much more likely to get cancers of the mouth and throat. Smoking also leads to your skin being very dry and elasticity, meaning it will wrinkle and have stretch marks. Smoking causes inflammation of our lungs and throat, which causing wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. The extended inflammation causes scarring of the lungs, which can restrict air flow, making it harder to breath. All of this over years of time will cause chronic cough and respiratory infections.
Pathophysiology Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease where the alveoli weaken and lose their ability expanding. Air stays trapped inside the lungs because the damaged lung sacs can't empty causing some to break. This can make breathing difficult and ultimately
Bronchitis is another COPD disease which is the swelling of the bronchi. The mucous glands produce a large amount of mucus. This mucus and inflammation of the mucosa causes blockage in the airway, and inhibits the body from receiving enough oxygen. The low amount of oxygen in the body is called
In addition, it also causes the lungs to have more difficulty taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. An example of lung tissue disease is pulmonary fibrosis, which is sometimes described as a feeling of not being able to take a deep breath. Airway diseases involve the tubes, or airways, that transfer oxygen and other gases in and out of the lungs. Causing an obstruction or narrowing of the airways, these diseases are occasionally described as “trying to breathe out through a straw,” and include asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Pulmonary circulation diseases are caused by the blood vessels in the lungs becoming scarred, clotted, or inflamed.