Case Study Of Behavior Chaining And The Use Of The ABA

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Introduction There a several methods within ABA that guide professionals in helping their clients acquire new skills, overcome personal conflicts and behaviors. Both desirable and undesirable behaviors can be altered with different techniques under ABA. For the cases of Brenda and Mrs. Riley I will answer questions related to Behavior chaining and the use of the token economy. Case of Brenda Provide the rationale for the behaviorist 's selection of behavior chaining to help Brenda. To teach a behavior chain of behaviors is broken down into smaller units that may be easier to learn before proceeding to learn the entire chain. Behavioral chaining is a multifaceted behavior that consists of numerous behaviors collaborating with one another.…show more content…
.Primary reinforcers have a basis of evolution because they aid in species survival; through the process of evolution, we have inherited certain biological characteristics that contribute to our survival (Miltenberger). Some examples would be food, air, sleep, and water (Miltenberger, 71). Primary reinforcement would work in behavior chaining because certain things come naturally to some individuals. Since Brenda already plays tennis she may already have one aspect of tennis that comes naturally to her the behaviorist can use that area to improve upon other areas in whole. Conditioned reinforcement or Secondary reinforcement is a stimulus that was once neutral (a neutral stimulus does not currently function as a reinforcer; i.e., it does not influence the behavior that it follows) but became established as a reinforcer by being paired with an unconditioned reinforcer or an already established conditioned reinforcer (Miltenberger,…show more content…
The behaviorist can help Brenda master the components of behavioral chaining by providing her with different strategies that would help her learn on her own. Brenda should be taught the task analysis that will provide her with the proper sequence and eventually encourage independent skills. If, Brenda is still having difficulties with improving her serve I would suggest using backward chaining which is when the sequence proceeds backward through the chain until all the steps in the task analysis have been introduced in reverse order and practiced cumulatively until the behavior is practiced independently (Cooper). Discuss the two ways that mastery of a unit of behavior may be asses. Mastery level is assessed to determine which components of the task analysis a person can perform independently (Cooper). Two ways mastery of a unit of behavior are: Single opportunity method is designed to assess a learner’s ability to perform each behavior in the task analysis in correct sequence (Cooper). The behaviorist using the single opportunity method can record Brenda performing each of her assigned tasks of the behavior chain. If she misses a step she will be stopped at that step. If she gets all steps correct over a set amount of days she has gained

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