Piaget’s work is a well-tested and educators around the world should be aware of Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive development in particular because it will improve the quality of their teaching. Once a teacher knows this theory, they can plan lessons appropriate to their students’ cognitive ability and build upon students’ earlier knowledge in a constructivist way. We first need to know who created the Cognitive Development Theory. Jean Piaget was born in
Piaget’s ideas opposed the traditional behaviourist theory; he believed that infants frequently and actively seek stimulation. Piaget’s theory is closely related to critical thinking skills, he suggested that the acquisition of a person’s knowledge is the result of interaction between the learner and the environment and so learning is facilitated by a child’s acquisition of new skills and experiences, allowing the child to progressively become more capable of critical thinking. Piaget’s theory has allowed researchers, teachers and psychologists to further understand the development in any child although it has been criticized there, Piaget’s theories on development has allowed for new experiments and testing on children’s behaviour as well as a scientific approach to how we learn.
Not all adolescents enter the stage at the same time or to the same degree. Depending on individual capacity some may not reach the stage at all and may remain in concrete operational mode throughout life. Despite the psychiatric applications Piaget's theories have been applied more widely in the area of education. Piaget's concepts have been used to resolve educational problems, such as assessing intellectual development, scholastic aptitude, grade placement, and reading readiness. Innovative early school programs, such as Head Start can be traced to Piaget's believe that experience plays a major role in human thought.
His cognitive development theory over the way children think, changed the aspect of education from providing knowledge to how we guide children age appropriately as they learn about the world. Piaget didn't want to children to learn to resemble the typical adult of their society. He thought children needed to be taught as little creators, future inventors, innovators, educators. Although Piaget's theory isn't directly related to education or teaching, it definitely applied. He influenced discovery learning which is the idea that children learn best through doing and exploring.
Vygotsky’s theory therefore was established from his past experiences and his interests in children’s development. Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is one of the key theories that early childhood educators implement in their practices. In his theory he emphasises the significance that language plays in children’s development (Pound L, 2012). Although Piaget’s theory to... ... middle of paper ... ...r understand the importance of scaffolding which allows educators to be able to diagnose children’s learning needs and development of teaching techniques to meet them. To conclude although Vygotsky’s theory isn’t as complete as other theories, his theory is one that is important for educators to adopt.
People always say that children are the future, and they are right. That is what makes understanding how children develop so crucial. Understanding how children develop has many important implications; it can help parents raise their children more efficiently, assist society in making informed decisions about policies regarding children’s welfare, and to help us to understand human nature (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011). An important part of understanding how children develop is understand the ways in which they learn. Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory emphasizes that the main tools of development are observation and imitation, rather than reinforcement.
Sigmund Freud, a psychoanalyst, developed a theory that was named as the psychosexual development theory. This theory explains how a person’s personality developed over a course of their childhood. Although this theory has been well understood in scientific terms, it stills remains as a question with regards to being compared with the other theories. The development of a child’s personality is determined through a series of childhood stages. Freud’s theory and his work has created very resourceful and important contributions for the development of human behaviour.
However, his inspiration of developing the idea of cognitive growth and changes of people came while researching child behavior. Moreover, it is important to note that his research was based on the observation of behavior of his own three children (Berlin, Zeanah & Lieberman, 2008). The main aim of his research was to show the differences between the children’s and adults’ way of thinking. It means that different factors influence the way of thinking of people at different stages of development. Piaget focused attention on the fact that children actually have a rather basic mental structure that is based on knowledge and experience that is formed in a particular way.
After high school Piaget went to study zoology at the University of Neuchatel, receiving his Ph.D. in the natural sciences in 1918. Piaget spent a semester studying psychology under Carl Jung, and Paul Eugen Bleuler at the University of Zurich where Piaget developed a deeper interest in psychology at the Sorbonne in Paris. In 1923, Piaget and Valentine Chateney were married. Piaget and Valentine had three children, Jacqueline, Luccienne, and Laurent whose intellectual develo... ... middle of paper ... ... gradually matures. Piaget was a very educated man that has a theory of Children and adults thinking different.
I am now able to understand the reasoning behind this, and it is that he is at what Piaget would call “stage II, proportional though”. Even if I do not become a child psychologist I will be able to impress people by my intelligence on the subject. If I had to make recommendations for further work I would suggest that child psychologists pay more attention to the experiences a child has gone through, Such as how the parents acted towards them. Did the child have “real” parents who were able care for them or were they raised in an orphanage or foster home? This will help in understanding why children act and turnout the way they do.