Carpets: Mass Production vs Handmade

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Introduction:- Civilization has brought tremendous changes in the life of human beings. All things are changing day by day through the efforts of scientific researches. Among these textiles are good example.. a dictionary definition of the noun 'textile' is a woven fabric and d defination of the verb 'to wave' is 'to make by crossing threads, strands, strips etc, above and below one another, as in a loom to form cloth'.(sheila landi1998,-10-11). Textile are remarkable and exist in many forms. they can be made from a wide range of fibers including: cotton , flax, wool, silk, acrylic and polyester. the process involved in making textiles from these fibers are diverse e.g: spinning , weaving, braiding , knotting , embroidery , dying and printing(foekje boersma 2007). The Textile industry is one of the oldest, largest and most global industries in the world. It is the typical ‘starter’ industry for countries engaged in export-orientated industrialisation (Gereffi 2002) and is labour-intensive. Brenton et al. (2007) suggest a number of reasons why the Textile sector has played such an important role in economic development. The sector absorbs large numbers of unskilled labour, typically drawing them from rural agricultural households to rural locations. Despite relatively low start-up investment costs, expansion of the sector provides a base upon which to build capital for more technologically demanding activities in other sectors. Throughout ancient times, textile manufacture was practiced on all levels of society and was one of the most labour-intensive of all occupations. As such, it was an industry of great cultural and social importance and should be factored into any balanced assessment of the ancient economy. Ov... ... middle of paper ... ...ort Diversification: still a route to growth for low income countries? World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4343 Barber, Elizabeth J. Wayland 1991. Prehistoric Textiles. The Development of Cloth in the "eolithic and Bronze Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1999. The Mummies of Ürümchi. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, Inc. Good, Irene 1998. “Bronze Age cloth and clothing of the Tarim Basin: the Chärchän evidence”. In V. Mair (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age People of Eastern Central Asia, Washington, DC, 656-668. 1999. The Ecology of Exchange: Textiles from Shahr-I Sokhta, Eastern Iran. Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania. 2001. “Archaeological Textiles: A Review of Current Research”. Annual Review of Anthropology 30, 209-226 Völling, Elisabeth 2008. Textiltechnik im Alten Orient: Rohstoffe und Herstellung. Wurzburg.

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