Carl von Clausewitz as the Father of Modern Military Strategy

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As modern military historians debate on the founder of military strategy, two military theorists emerge in the period after the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic War: the Prussian Carl von Clausewitz and the Swiss Antoine-Henri Jomini. In modern military philosophy, the theoretical traditions established by each of these military theorist has significantly impacted our military thinking and their teaching has become essential in the education of modern military leaders. Clausewitz and Jomini have become required reading for today's military professional officer. Frequently, these military theorists are often presented as opposite each other in terms of military theory; however, these two individuals are mere contemporaries who approached the study of war from two separate positions and for different ambitions: one an attempt at a comprehensive analysis of war and the other a reduction of war to a set of prescriptive techniques for the conduct of war. In this great debate, military historians suggest a schism within the annals of military theory in the use of the terms “Clausewitzian” and “Jominian.” While these unfair characterizations served little purpose in this debate, this essay will demonstrate that Carl von Clausewitz deserves the title of Father of Modern Military Strategy.
In modern military theory, the highest level is the strategic level, in which activities at the strategic level focus directly on policy objectives, both during peace and warfare. In the study of modern military strategy, there is a distinction between military strategy and national strategy, in which the former is the use of military objective to secure political objectives and the latter coordinates and concentrates all the elements of national...

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...f modern military strategy, thus establishing him as the Father of Modern Military Strategy.

Works Cited

De Jomini, Baron. The Art of War. Translated by G. H. Mendell and W. P. Craighill. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1971.

Kuehn, John. “Jomini and The Art of War.” https://norwich.angellearning.com/section/content/ Default. asp?WCI=pgDisplay&WCU=CRSCNT&ENTRY_ID=26A395DC876D4EA18 EDDEB83D01B596F

Paret, Peter. “Clausewitz.” In Makers of Modern Strategy, From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, 186-213. Edited by Peter Paret. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Shy, John. “Jomini.” In Makers of Modern Strategy, From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, 143-185. Edited by Peter Paret. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Von Clausewitz, Carl. On War. Translated by Michael Howard and Peter Paret. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.

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