"Cloning would provide us with individual animals but not the home to introduce them to in the wild," says Jeff Flocken, endangered species outreach coordinator at the National Wildlife Federation. "Whatever's causing a species to decline, whether it's exploitation or destruction of a habitat, would continue to put that species at risk of being exterminated" (National Wildlife Federation ). Today there are currently 1246 species of plants and animals that are either on the endangered or threatened list in the United States and 1804 worldwide. Of the 1804 endangered species worldwide, only 975 of them have approved recovery plans (Endangered Species Coalition).
The first major piece of animal legislation was the Lacey Act of 1900 which prohibited interstate commerce of animals killed in violation of state gaming laws. Other laws of the era included the Migratory Bird Conservation Act of 1929 and the Bald Eagle Protection Act of 1940 (Klyza). In the 1960's legislation moved from regulation to preservation. The Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966 was the first real attempt at preservation. When designating 78 animals to the 1996 list, Secretary of the Interior Mark Udall said that “an informed public will act to help reduce the dangers threatening these rare animals” (AP).
Congress responded and on December 28th the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 was signed and put into order. The purpose of the ESA was to protect the species and the ecosystems which they depend on. There are many state and federal entities that monitor and ensure that these animals and plants stay safe. Many of the actions that were taking on marine life, were hunters and those that were seeking them for game. These actions have placed mammals like the sea turtle and finback whale and killer whale at a very high endangered species l... ... middle of paper ... ...d regulate against capturing and hunting our threatened and endangered species.
When the congress passed the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973, it recognized that ecological and scientific valued our nation and its people. It also expressed concern that many of our nation’s native plants and animals were in danger of becoming extinct. The purpose of ESA is to protect and recover species in their ecosystems, for which they have lived on. Under the ESA, species are specified into two categories; endangered or threatened. ‘Endangered’ means a species that is in danger of becoming extinct and has exceeded all of its range.
When he first started studying these animals, he only concentrated on the behavioral aspects of chimpanzees. He was not interested at this time in using them for medical experiments. Later on in the 1940s was when scientists started to use chimpanzees for medical experiments. Medical studies and experimentations lasted until 1973, when President Richard Nixon signed the Endangered Species Act into law. “The Endangered Species Act made it illegal to import ... ... middle of paper ... ...t kills more than 66,000 children each year” (Wadman).
The organization was drafted in 1963 by the IUCN (the World Conservation Union), and put into place in 1973 with 80 countries signing. While CITES is legally binding, it is up to the nation to implement and enforce the laws, CITES provides the framework t... ... middle of paper ... ...e of its depleting population in the wild the capture sale and transport of wild macaws is illegal. The price of a Macaw generally ranges between $10,000 and $20,000 dollars for young or rare species to in the low thousands for an older or more common (captive bred) species. Poachers typically look for young baby macaws, once a nest is spotted they will wait and watch the nest noting the coming and going of the Macaw to see if the nest contains any young (typicaly 1-2 per nest) from there the young are captured and taken from their nest, a common method of capturing them involves felling the tree. A poacher makes around $150 for a Macaw baby.
The illicit animal and plant trade is slowing the population growth of endangered animals furthering their path to extinction making an unbalanced ecosystem. Poaching is estimated that it is worth around two hundred thirteen billion a year, easy saying when rhino horn goes for 60,000/kg. This is due to beliefs in and around eastern Europe that some animals possess “medicinal properties” even though rhino and elephant horn carry no such thing. No medical properties have been found in horns (mainly made up of Keratin a protein found in hair, fingernails and animal hoofs) and skin of the targeted animals But some animals do carry medicinal properties such
They have saved several species from extinction such as the Red Wolf and the Przewalski Horse, and are aiding many others such as the blue-crowned laughing thrush. Before the breeding program saved the Red Wolves from extinction, there were only 14 pure breed Red Wolves remaining. When a species gets endangered it goes on the Species Survival Plan program. There are two issues that I came across during my research. Firstly, some zoos are taking advantage of several species to generate revenue.
All wildlife plays an important role in maintaining a natural balance on earth; therefore, it is vital for the nation to embrace a movement for wildlife conservation in order for the list of endangered species to decline. The Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 protects the vital habitat of all endangered species. The problem with this is getting endangered animals on the ESA list before it is too late; many animals only receive protection after being threatened with extinction. To be put on the ESA list, the number of a certain species must be accounted for through research (Wilkinson 26). This research is very costly and not funded by the government; therefore, many species are known to be endangered, but cannot be added to the list for lack of research (26).
In 1973, Congress passed the Endangered Species Act (ESA) that expressed concern that many species were in danger of becoming extinct. These native plants/ animals are on the verge of disappearing forever...this act needs to save them. This act will protect and help species at risk of extinction recover. By promoting policies nationwide to help species recover that are native to the U.S., this act enforced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Commerce Department’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), will help make these goals possible.