Black and white children could not attend the same school even though in term of everything, they were all equal (“Brown vs. Board of Education”). All the African American kids, as well as color children, had to walk a far distance in order to get to the school bus stop, and took a ride of five miles just to go to the black school every morning. They all tried to get in the white school which was just about several blocks from home; however, the school principal denied giving the permit to attend the school simply because of their colors. Oliver Leon Brown was an example. He tried all his ability to provide the best for of three little daughters.
“It should be unlawful for pupils of one race to attend the schools provided by boards of trustees for persons of another race,” read Section 5377 of the Code of Laws of South Carolina in 1942. South Carolina, like Delaware, required school segregation. The case to challenge this statute was Briggs v. Elliot. This case was filed in 1948 because African American students in South Carolina, at this time, did not have buses to transport them to and from school, therefore, many black students had to walk up to eight miles to get to school. Parents of these students purchased a second hand bus to transport the kids, but were unable to afford the costs of maintenance and repairs for the bus.
And blacks weren’t allowed to go to white children’s schools.” That was a controversial issue among blacks. In 1954 thirteen parents filed a class action suit against the Board of Education of Topeka in hope for equal education opportunities for their children. That and the desegregation period was the idea behind the case. It was the first challenge of the “separate but equal” ruling had been challenged. The thirteen parents were backed by many African American community leaders, the NAACP, and the NAACP’s lawyer Thurgood Marshall.
The education of blacks and whites was different until the Brown vs. the Board of education and The Little Rock Nine. On September 4, 1957, a 15 year old named Elizabeth Eckford prayed and got ready for school. That day her and 9 other black students would be going to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. They were the first black students who actually attended the school, and all the white people at school did not even want black students to go to that school. When they first got to that school over 500 angry parents and students surrounded Elizabeth and called her all types of hurtful , ugly names.
Board of Education may have ruled that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” and declared that public schools must desegregate, but these achievements cannot be the only thing one considers (Brown, 1954). While the desegregation of schools serves as a landmark victory of the Civil Rights movement of America, every battle comes with costs. When schools desegregated, most Black students moved into predominantly White districts. To do the opposite would never be considered, due to the fact that the schools designated for Black children were often run down and lacked adequate funding. As a result of students leaving, Black educators lost a total of “38,000 jobs...between 1954 and 1965” (Ladson-Billings, 2004).
Oliver Brown, an African American father, attempted to register his daughter Linda in an all-white public school in Topeka, Kansas; expectedly, he and his daughter were turned away. Brown immediately took the matter to court with the assistance of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Rejected by the district court, the case was taken up to the Supreme Court. The attack on segregation was based upon the clauses of the Fifth Amendment including the Due Process Clause. The case also considered the impact of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments on five cases that challenged elementary- and secondary-school segregation, and in May 1954 issued its landmark ruling in Brown v. Board of Education that stated that racially segregated education was unconstitutional. White Southerners received the Brown decision first with shock and, in some instances, with expressions of goodwill. By 1955, however, white opposition in the South had grown into massive resistance, a strategy to persuade all whites to resist compliance with the desegregation orders. It was believed that if enough people refused to cooperate with the federal court order, it could not be enforced. Tactics included firing school employees who showed willingness to seek integration, closing public schools rather than desegregating, and boycotting all public education that was integrated.
The citation number of this case was 347 US 403, docket number 1. Little did the arguers know they would make history and would change everything for the future. The brown v. board of education was not just one court case it was a combination of 5 court cases that was named Brown v. Board of Education. The main issue in each of the court cases was segregation in public schools. Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP Legal Defense and the Educational Fund
The case that came to be known as Brown v. the Board of Education was actually the name given to five separate cases that were heard by the United States Supreme Court concerning the issue of segregation in public schools. Chief Justice John Marshall personally argued the case before the Court. Although he raised a variety of legal issues on appeal, the most common one was that separate school systems for blacks and whites were inherently unequal. Meeting to decide the case, the Justices of the Supreme Court realized that they were deeply divided over the issues raised. Dwight D. Eisenhower put the National Guard under Federal contro...
Brown wanted to enroll his daughter (Linda Brown) into an all-white school, and she was rejected. They were represented by two of Thurgood Marshall’s assistants in court. When the case was took to the Court the Negro plaintiffs argument was: Segregation of White children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law; for the policy of s... ... middle of paper ... ...nd educational system is a goal worth reaching. On the other side of the outcome people were enraged over schools segregating, President Dwight D. Eisenhower had to send troops into Arkansas in 1957.