Bizarre Elements of Dreams

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Bizarre Elements of Dreams In this Experiment, eighty-eight subjects were asked to individually recall and transcribe dreams and daydreams over a one-week period. It was also requested that they note anything prominent that had happened to them over that week. Results worksheets were the filled out and data was handed in for analysis. The hypothesis was to test Hobson & McCartley's activation-synthesis hypothesis that dreams would have more bizarreness than other waking narratives, Our results, however, failed to support this, instead showing a higher significance of bizarreness when daydreaming, and supporting the findings of Reinsel, Antrobus & Wollman. Scene shifts and transformations were also a focus of our study, results were in accordance with our hypothesis, however did not achieve statistical significance. A dream may be defined as a mental experience, occurring in sleep, which is characterised by hallucinoid imagery, predominantly visual and often vivid (Hobson & McCarley, 1977). J. Allan Hobson and Robert McCarley argue that dreams are simply the by-product of bursts of activity amaniting from subcortial areas in the brain (Hobson, 1988; Hobson & McCarley, 1977; McCarley, 1994, cited in W. Weiten, 1998). One explanation of bizarreness and disruptive discontinuities found in dream reports is provided by the activation-synthesis hypothesis (McCarthy & Hoffman, 1981 sited in Rittenhouse et al). This model (as seen below in Table 1) proposes that dream bizarreness is a psychological correlate of REM state physiology. The most important tenet of the activation-synthesis hypothesis is that during dreaming the activation brain generates its own information by a pontine brain stem neuronal mechani... ... middle of paper ... ... R.W. (1977). The brain as a dream state generator: An activation-synthesis hypothesis of the dream process. The American Journal of Phychiatry, 134, 1335-1348. Reinsel, R., Antrous, J., & Wollman, (1992), Bizarreness in dreams and waking fantasies. In J.A. Antrobus, & M. Bertini (Eds.), The Neuropsychology of sleep and dreaming (pp. 157-183). Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. Rittenhouse, C., Stickgold, R., & Hobson, J. A. (1994). Constraint on the transformation of characters, objects, and seting in dream reports. Consciousness and Cognition, 3, 100-113. Weiten, W. (1998). Psychology: Themes and Variations. (pp.643-649). United States of America: Brooks/Cole Williams, J., Merritt, J., Rittenhouse, C., & Hobson, J.A. (1992). Bizarreness in dreams and waking fantaies: Implicatins for the activation-snthesis hypothesis. Consciousness and Cognition, 1, 172
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