Literature Review on Dreams: Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis

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Literature Review on Dreams: Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis

Freud initiated a therapy called psychoanalysis towards helping patients overcome mental problems, using an in depth analyze of a patient’s dream. Freudian psychoanalysis assumes that dreams fulfill a certain function. Freud considers dreams as a mental activity also experienced by our ancestors. The mind begins to disconnect from the external world during sleep but remains in an instinctual state. The mind protects the sleeper from disturbances by manufacturing dreams that satisfy unconscious desires (Freud, 1900: §V, C, p.234). Therefore unconscious content becomes conscious even though the content is distorted. Dreams allow for the id’s satisfaction without causing trouble. The id is one of the three parts of the minds Freud categorizes. The unconscious part of the mind is the id and will it continually seek to satisfy instinctual impulses. The ego is responsible for dealing with reality, in which it strives for the realistic and socially appropriate ways to satisfy the id’s desire. The final part of the mind is the super ego, which deals with morality. The super ego holds all standards and ideals that are acquired from parents and society (Storr, 1989: p.61). If the id’s full desires appear then the dreamer would awaken in horror (Flanagan: 2000, p.43). Therefore the resulting dream is always infused with disguise and expressions of the id’s desires. The dream will be experienced that is intertwined in a story like element that absorbs the dreamer further into the dream. Freud also thought dreams aid in an individuals’ survival and so it is passed on to the next generation. Individuals themselves do not listen to the id’s desire when conscious or else the possi...

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...ming Souls: Sleep, Dreams and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind Oxford: OUP.

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Freud, S (1953). The Interpretation of Dreams and On Dreams. In the Standard Edition of The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. J Strachey (ed). Hogarth Press.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Man and His Symbols. New York: Dell, 1964.

Schneider, A., & Domhoff, G. W. (2014). The Quantitative Study of Dreams. Retrieved April 23, 2014 From

Springett, Ben. "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Dreaming, Philosophy of []. Internet Encyclopedia Of Philosophy, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014.

Storr, A. (1989) Freud: A Very Short Introduction Oxford: OUP, 2001..

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