Bipolar Disorder Critical Thinking May 29, 2014 Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder, also called manic depression disorder/illness can be defined in many ways. One definition is a mood disorder in which a person swings back and forth between wild euphoria and frenetic bursts of energy (the manic phase) to such deep, dark, and overwhelming depression that a person may contemplate or attempt suicide. (Hirshkowitz & Smith, 2004, p. 107) This illness/disorder seems to affect both men and women in about equal numbers and can get increasingly worse if left undiagnosed or even untreated. Types of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder can be broken down into four basic types. Bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BP-NOS), and cyclothymic disorder or cyclothymia.
Comorbidity in Bipolar Disorder. Psychiatric Times. Retrieved April 2, 2014, from http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/bipolar-disorder/comorbidity-bipolar-disorder. Salzbrenner, Stephen., & Conaway, Eileen. (2009).
Experts who question the high number of cases diagnosed point out that the symptoms on the check-list are similar to those of other disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). In fact, there are countless opinions on how to tell the difference. The fact that diagnoses are primaril... ... middle of paper ... ... Psychiatry, 166(1), 18-24. doi: 10.1176 Egan, J. (2008, September 13). The bipolar puzzle.
References American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. Bipolar disorder.
Retrieved November 13, 2013, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201206/short-history- bipolar-disorder Bipolar Disorder: Treatment and Drugs. (January 18 2012). retrieved November 17 2013, from Mayo Clinic Web Site: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bipolar- disorder/DS00356/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs The Number Counts: Mental Illness in America. (n.d) retrieved November 17 2013, from NIMH Web Site: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers- count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml
28 June 2015. http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-disorder-causes • Frans, E.M. (2008). Advancing Paternal Age and Bipolar Disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 65(9), Web. 19 July 2015. http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=210144
In some cases, bipolar disorder causes symptoms of depression and mania at the same time (Bipolar Disorder, 2013). Although bipolar disorder is a disruptive, long-term condition, you can keep your moods in check by following a treatment plan. In most cases, bipolar disorder can be controlled with medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy) (Bipolar Disorder, 2013) Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme changes in mood, from mania to depression. Between these mood episodes, a person with bipolar disorder may experience normal moods (What is Bipolar Disorder? 2013).
(Das, 2005). Oppositely, depression is marked by periods of extreme sadness, crying and irritability, inactivity and disinterest, and feelings of hopelessness (Torpy, 2009). People who suffer from bipolar disorder will cycle between these states; some will cycle rapidly, within several days, and some cycle only a few times per year. After bipolar has been diagnosed, there are several treatment options that are helpful for sufferers, including medication, psychotherapy, and family counseling; all of these need to be utilized to successfully control symptoms and possible harmful behaviors. The first, and arguably most important step to the treatment of bipolar disorder is pharmaceutical intervention.
The creation of a universal assessment technique and reeducating the public and professionals would reduce the over-diagnosis problem. Bipolar Disorder is a type of mental illness, more precisely a mood disorder which is characterized by mania and depressive episodes. Mania is a period of elevated or irritable moods and depression episodes are low or sad moods, these episodes can last from a few days to several months and can impair the ability to function in everyday life. There are several classifications of these episodes and even mixed states in which one experiences both episodes at the same time. To be diagnosed with BD you must seek a health care provider who performs a thorough exam and lab tests to look for other illnesses that may be causing the symptoms that resemble BD.
Retrieved on March 16, 2014, from http://pro.psychcentral.com/2011/comorbidity-in-bipolar-disorder-the-complexity-of-diagnosis-and-treatment/00453.html Timpano,K.R, Rubenstein, L. M and Murphy, D. L. (2012). Phenomenological Features and Clinical Impact of Affective Disorders in OCD: A Focus on the Bipolar Disorder and OCD Connection. Depression and Anxiety, 29, 226- 233.