B.F. Skinner Introduction Burrhus Frederic (B.F.) Skinner was an American behavioral psychologist who was best known for his experiments on changing behavior. With behavioral psychologists Pavlov and Watson as his inspiration, Skinner formulated his theory of operational conditioning. His idea of “shaping” behavior is prevalent in the parenting and teaching techniques of children and students. Background B.F. Skinner was born on March 20, 1904 in Susquehanna, a small town in Pennsylvania, where he spent his childhood. He was the first-born son of a lawyer father and homemaker mother who raised him and his younger brother.
James gratefully acknowledged the key role that Dalton played in his becoming a scientist. 'It was from his instruction that I first formed a desire to increase my knowledge by original researches', Joule said. When their father became ill, James and his brother took over running the brewery. James therefore did not have the opportunity to attend university. However, his great desire was to continue to study science, so he set up a laboratory in his home and began exper... ... middle of paper ... ...ral and Physical Sciences, issued in London in 1864.
Edward L. Thorndike (1874-1949) Charles Vattimo PSY 101 Wed January 22, 2014 William Post Edward L. Thorndike (1874-1949) Edward Lee Thorndike was born in Massachusetts on August 31, 1874. He earned his education and degrees at Wesleyan University, Harvard, and Columbia University. In his lifetime, Thorndike had multiple honors and awards bestowed upon him for his contributions to science. Remarkably, while he has majorly influenced educational methods in the United States, Thorndike’s choice to follow a career in psychology drove from the opportunities presented more than his desires. At Wesleyan University, Edward Thorndike’s junior year psychology course was merely a requirement for completing his degree and claimed it offered no spark of inspiration.
(SKINNER 'S BEHAVIORAL THEORY ) Mashael Alghamdi Skinner 's behavioral theory Skinner 's theory Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born on 20th March 1904. He was born in the small city of Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. At his starting age, Skinner displayed his interest in building different gadgets and machines. As a student at Hamilton College, B.F. Skinner established a passion for writing. He tried to become an expert writer after graduating in 1926, but with little achievement.
Kohler married in his twenties and was a father of four. Few details exist on their marriage but later events suggest that all was not well (Schultz & Schultz, 2004). After earning his doctorate, he worked in a Psychological institute in Frankfurt (1910-1913) with Max Wertheimer and Kurt Koffka. This was the start of the Gestalt psychology (“Wolfgang Köhler,” n.d.; Zawidzki, 2004). Because Gestalt psychology was the study of perception, he pursued his ideas through the research with animals, sp... ... middle of paper ... ...elligence and problem solving skills.
Burrhus Frederic Skinner, also known as B.F. Skinner, was one of the most respected and influential psychologists in the twentieth century. Growing up in a rural area in Pennsylvania with around two thousand people, Skinner, along with his brother Edward, were forced to use their imagination to keep themselves entertained. At a young age, Skinner liked school. Once he graduated, he attended Hamilton College in New York where he received a B.A. in English literature.
His father, Gabriel Frankl, had been a hard working man who was the Director of Social Affairs (Redsand, 2006). By the time Frankl was four years old he knew he wanted to be a doctor and he pursued that interest while into high school. He took classes focused on psychology and philosophy. He began corresponding with Freud when he was 16, sending him letters about his own ideas and each time Freud would respond with a postcard with his thoughts (Redsand, 2006). He sent Freud a paper in 1924 about psychoanalysis on the mimic movements of affirmation and negation which Freud then published it in the International Journal of Psychoanalysis three years later (Frankl, 2006).
Stanley Milgram answered the call to this problem by performing a series of studies on the Obedience to Authority. Milgram's work began at Harvard where he was working towards his Ph.D. The experiments on which his initial research was based were done at Yale from 1961-1962. In response to a newspaper ad offering $4.50 for one hour's work, an individual turns up to take part in a Psychology experiment investigating memory and learning. He is introduced to a stern looking experimenter in a white coat and a rather pleasant and friendly co-subject.
While enrolled in school Watsons academic life had completely made a 360 change and he ended up graduating with his master’s degree at the age of 21. Upon completion of his master’s degree Watson next enrolled in a graduate program at the University of Chicago where he started mainly focusing on his behaviorist theories in psychology. As Watson continued to study behaviorism he seemed to be heavily influenced by Vladimir Bekhterev and Ivan Povlov who were both studying classical conditioning. After only three years Watson had majored in psychology and neurology with a minor in philosophy under many scholars which included Angell, Donaldson, and Dewey. Watson ended up earning his PhD at the University of Chicago where Watson fina... ... middle of paper ... ...moved away and the question had always remained as to what had happen to the child?
William James was a philosopher and psychologist but was most well known in the field of Psychology for developing the philosophy of pragmatism, or the Functionalist theory: "Theory of mental life and behavior that is concerned with how an organism uses its perceptual abilities to function in its environment." He was also the first Psychologist to be born in America. William James was born on January 11, 1842 in New York City. His father, Henry James Sr. was a Swednborgian theologian, and one of his brothers was the great novelist Henry James. Throughout his youth, William attended private schools in the United States and Europe.