Beowulf and Icelandic Sagas There are many similarities between the hero of the poem Beowulf and the heroes of the two Icelandic sagas, The Saga of The Volsungs and The Saga of King Hrolf Kraki. The former saga is an Icelandic saga representing oral traditions dating back to the fourth and fifth centuries, when Attila the Hun was fighting on the northern fringes of the Roman Empire; the latter is an Icelandic saga representing 1000 years of oral traditions prior to the 1300’s when it was written. An unknown author wrote The Saga of The Volsungs in the thirteenth century, basing his story on far older Norse poetry. Iceland was settled by the Vikings about 870-930, who took to that land the famous lay of Sigurd and the Volsungs. Native Icelandic poets loved the story of Sigurd and the Huns, Goths, Burgundians, with whom this hero interacted.
“From Brut [Arthur’s Dream]”. The Norton Anthology of English Literature THE MIDDLE AGES Volume A. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. 2006. Pages 125-127.
Beowulf, A New Verse Translation. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2000. Rebsamen, Frederick. Beowulf A Verse Translation. New York: Harper-Collins Publishers, 1991.
New York: Anchor Books, 1977. TheSeafarer. In The Earliest English Poems, translated by Michael Alexander. New York: Penguin Books, 1991.
Putnam’s Sons, 1907–21; New York: Bartleby.com, 2000 Malone, Kemp. “The Old English Scop and Widsith.” In Beowulf: The Donaldson Translation, edited by Joseph F. Tuso. New York, W.W.Norton and Co.: 1975. The Earliest English Poems, translated by Michael Alexander. New York: Penguin Books, 1991.
Beowulf A Verse Translation. New York: Harper-Collins Publishers, 1991. Shippey, T.A.. “The World of the Poem.” In Beowulf – Modern Critical Interpretations, edited by Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987..
BIBLIOGRAPHY Alexander, Michael, translator. The Earliest English Poems. New York: Penguin Books, 1991. Bloom, Harold. “Introduction.” In Modern Critical Interpretations: Beowulf, edited by Harold Bloom.
F. Donaldson, E. Talbot. Beowulf, A New Prose Translation. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1966. G. Alexander, Michael. Beowulf, A Verse Translation.
Nina Baym. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2003. 832-844. ---.