Belbin's Team Role Theory

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Belbin's Team Role Theory

Based on research with over 200 teams conducting management business

games at the Administrative Staff College, Henley, in the UK, Belbin

identified nine team types:

· Co-ordinator

· Resource Investigator

· Team Worker

· Shaper

· Company Worker/ Implementer

· Completer finisher

· Plant

· Monitor/Evaluator

· Specialist



The co-ordinator is a person-oriented leader. This person is trusting,

accepting, dominant and is committed to team goals and objectives. The

co-ordinator is a positive thinker who approves of goal attainment,

struggle and effort in others. The co-ordinator is someone tolerant

enough always to listen to others, but strong enough to reject their



The co-ordinator may not stand out in a team and usually does not have

a sharp intellect.




The shaper is a task-focused leader who abounds in nervous energy, who

has a high motivation to achieve and for whom winning is the name of

the game. The shaper is committed to achieving ends and will 'shape'

others into achieving the aims of the team.


goal achievement. Two or three shapers in a group, according to

Belbin, can lead to conflict, aggravation and in-fighting.




The plant is a specialist idea maker characterised by high IQ and

introversion while also being dominant and original. The plant tends

to take radical approaches to team functioning and problems. Plants

are more concerned with major issues than with details.


Weaknesses are a tendency to disregard practical details and



Resource Investigator


The resource investigator is the executive who is never in his room,

and if he is, he is on the telephone. The resource investigator is

someone who explores opportunities and develops contacts. Resource

investigators are good negotiators who probe others for information

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