Despite its size, Iwo Jima was considered to have great tactical importance for both the Japanese and the Americans in the war as there were three airfields on the island. Under Japan’s control they were being used by Japanese fighter planes to attack American bombers on their flights to bomb Japan. Under American control, the airfields could be used as emergency landing bases for airplanes damaged in bombing raids. They could also be used for fighter planes to escort the bomber planes on their way to Japan once under American control (Hastings 263-269). Madden-Fong 2 A map of Iwo Jima (Wolny).
During the Battle of Midway, some luck and well-advised orders, show how impactful the American Navy could be with their aircrafts. New tactics introduced by the Navy called; dive and torpedo bombing was shown at the Battle of Midway. These tactics were virtually the reason United States came out victorious over Japan. Seen through the Battle of Midway, pilots would play a decisive role in the victory over Admiral Yamamoto and the Japanese fleet in the South Pacific. At Midway America came to realize how lethal and powerful the aircraft could be, given the right coordinates and firepower.
The victory at Midway provided the time the US needed to turn out more ships and planes, including the Essex-class ship. The Essex-class helped the United States gain morale and start making an offensive against the Japanese. Although some believed that Midway evened the playing field in the Pacific Theatre; the United States of America won most battles after, in addition to crippling the Japanese Navy. Many believed that Midway was going to be Japan’s way to get back at the US from the Doolittle’s Raid. Doolittle’s Raid happened April 18th, 1942 and on several Japanese cities including Tokyo.
The decision was quickly made to attack and take the island of Iwo Jima, code named operation detachment. June 1944, Lieutenant General Tadamichi Kuribayashi was chosen as command of Iwo Jima (National Geographics). Kuribayashi had lived and trained in the United States so knew the only way to have a chance against the American’s superior fire power was to fight the battle from underground where they would be protected (Hickman). Iwo Jima was an important island for the Japanese because it provided an area of attack and functioned as a buffer zone for Americans attempting to bomb their homeland. Initial bombing raids against Iwo Jima began in June 1944 (Navy Department Library).
President Theodore Roosevelt wanted to boost morale and push forward the Pacific front with a strike on the Japanese homeland to serve as a testament to American military prowess and retribution for the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor (Shepherd). This eventually trickled down to the Doolittle Raid. The Doolittle Raid, as it is commonly referred to as today, was officially classified as the First Special Aviation Project (Shepherd). This project was planned with extreme secrecy. The crew was made up of pilots who volunteered without knowledge of mission details.
Both of these attacks were air raids by the Japanese on America. These events both took place during WWII and, furthermore, both these attacks ended in failed missions for the Japanese. And finally, both of these operations resulted in no American casualties. Operation K Operation K was a second Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, just 4 months after they bombed it on Dec. 7th, 1941, which officially brought the United States into World War Two. The mission was an air raid attack on the U.S., which had dual purposes: Firstly, they wanted to assess the damage they inflicted during the Dec. 7 attack on Pearl Harbor.
Had the U.S lost at Midway, the Japanese would have achieved their goal, and finished what Pearl Harbor started by permanently crippling the U.S Navy. In a Preface from an excerpt by Japanese Airman Fushida Mituso (Who famously Shouted “Tora, tora, tora”) the Japanese loss at Midway did the exact opposite of crippling the Navy. “During the Next two years while Japan’s Shipyards Splashed out six new heavy carriers, America’s turned out 17” (Mituso). Ultimately the Pacific Theater, and WWII ended on August 15th 1945 after two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, however, The Battle of Midway, the turning point of the Theater would not have been won had it not been for the various technological advantages and desires for revenge of pearl harbor.
Search planes were sent out to find the Japanese forces that steamed towards Midway. They hit the jackpot and found out that the Japanese were heading towards the islands with cruisers and more than four-hundred planes. The US force was barely one-fourth the size. It was David versus Goliath, but David had broken Goliaths’ code and surprise was on the side of the Americans. The Japanese fleet fai...
Just days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japan invaded two more significant stations in the Pacific Ocean. Many Americans were frustrated and discouraged because they thought the Japanese were impossible to defeat, but something surprising happened on April 18, 1942. Japan was attacked by the United States. The U.S. sent out sixteen B-25 bombers to attack... ... middle of paper ... ... world at this time, did not believe that the U.S. had a very strong military. A third effect the Battle of Midway had on World War II was that it stopped the Japanese from expanding their land.
Japan wanted to invade New Guinea and the Solomon Islands for their oil and land. Japan successfully invaded Tulagi in Solomon Islands on May 3- 4. May 8-7 both sides suffered great losses in aircraft and carriers because they were either sunk or damaged so both sides disengaged from the battle area. Both of these were important events that caused the battle of Midway. The Japanese battle plan was extraordinary for both its ambition and complexity.