Firstly, indeterminate sentencing gives a great variety for the judge on how long he can sentence a criminal. In many cases “prison authorities, not the judge, who determined the term of the sentence to be served”. This model worked by giving major power to the officials in power. They are supposed to work with discretion and ability to change the length of the sentence with please, but can result in intentional and unintentional discrimination to the offender. The structured sentencing models were created in order to remove the faults of indeterminate sentencing.
In 2007 88% of the prison population was due to substance abuse problems and addictions. The other small percent is due to conscious crime and violence. If the issue is narrowed down to this then there is some think to fix. If we break down the cost of prisons due to addiction rehabs and half-way housing and the amount of time prisoners spend in prison compared to the time spent getting help, I think there is a more effective and productive way to solve this issue. The other issue about this topic is these prisoners’ real criminals.
The criminal justice system is an existing tool for society to convict those practicing anti-social behaviour. The English legal system is under a lot of dispute given that the government can interfere with individual freedom declaring individuals to prison. Thus, the criminal justice system needs to balance competing interests from punishing the guilty to protecting the innocent. However, not every system can be upmost perfect; there have been miscarriages of justice, unlawful arrests and so on. There are remedies however, for those who abuse the system.
There is no way that prisoners will become better people if they don’t have rehabilitation programs to help them; Mrs. Prescott stressed that there is hope for everyone. At FMC Rochester, they take in a lot of white collar criminals. After they spend some time in prison, these white collar criminals pick up on traits from other inmates. From time to time inmates leave prison more likely to commit a violent crime than when they arrived there. Often, rehabilitation programs are poorly funded, and large numbers of people believe that people are sent to jail or prison only to be punished.
PART ONE Outline the issue you have chosen. The issue I have decided to analyse is that concerning the implications of bail and remand. Bail is an option a court must confront when temporarily releasing an accused individual until their expected appearance at an appointed time, before the determination of innocence or guilt is concluded. Several guarantees that secure the person’s appearance at an appointed time include a guarantor, bond assurance paid by a surety holder, summons or court attendance notice. Remand is the refusal of bail, when the accused is to be detained prior to there trial, remanded into custody until the hearing is resumed, or the trial commenced.
Sentencing and Appeals Process of the Criminal Justice System The criminal justice system is a very complex system with so many branches. When people think about corrections they automatically think jails and prisons. Though that is not all it is the vast area in the criminal justice system that is responsible with managing anybody convicted of a criminal offense. In which an array of organizations, facilities, services, and programs are tailored to the treatment and punishment of criminal offenders. Corrections is a legal intervention to deter, to rehabilitate, to incapacitate, or simply to punish or achieve retribution.
There have been instances of repeat offenders always serving time for similar, related, or different crimes. Judgment on repeat offenders is a bit harsh than first time offenders and most of the former group end up serving time if caught and charged again or if they possess a record with the criminal justice system- it is pure psychology and matter of perception. Also, even when the judgment is not harsh as such, some offenders are just not willing to rehabilitate and change, or may end up finding themselves going back to criminal ways in the near future. Their frequent incarceration, even for smaller periods than capital criminals, increases the number of prisoners significantly. For instance, a capital offender may be sentenced or ten years at the same time as ten other petty offenders who are to serve for a year.
The prison system is a source of debate and criticism. Many people would agree that prisons are effective because they keep criminals who are deemed dangerous away from society. Of course, there are different levels of offenders requiring a lesser or greater level of security. Moore Solomon, a Criminal Justice Reporter for the New York Times and a former staff writer for the Los Angeles Times states, “140,610 out of 2.3 million inmates being held in jails and prisons across the country are serving life terms” (Solomon). Such a high number of incarcerations would indicate that most convicts in prison have-been or will-be released back into society after serving their sentence.
There are several reasons why prisons overcrowd. One reason is because when offenders are released they commit another crime only to become incarcerated again. Inmates may also be sent back to prison for failure to complete community service. Another reason for overcrowding is tougher sentences. Offenders are receiving longer sentences for their crimes.
While an alternative approach to the controversy attempts to bring the opposing sides together. Some people believe that building more prisons will solve the problem of prison overcrowding. Today's prisons are so full that "only one criminal is jailed for every one hundred violent crimes committed" ("Punishment"). Over half of America's currently convicted felons are not even sentenced to prison, partly because judges know that the prisons are full. The problem of prison overcrowding forces most violent prisoners to serve less than half their sentence ("Punishment").