Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial Intelligence At a time when computer technology is advancing at a rapid pace and when software developers are convincingly hawking their products as having artificial intelligence, the inevitable question has begun to take on a certain urgency: Can a computer think? Really think? In one form or another this is actually a very old question, dating back to such philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes. And after nearly 3,000 years the most honest answer is still uncertain. After all, what does it mean to think? On the other hand, that is not a very satisfying answer. However, with his paper: Minds, brains and programs published in 1980, John Searle has had a huge impact on the artificial intelligence issue worldwide. This essay will focus on Searle's idea that computers are incapable of being conscious, and then analyse whether Searle is right in terms of his three main efforts: a critique of computationalism and strong Artificial Intelligence (AI); the development of a theory of intentionality; and the formulation of a naturalized theory of consciousness. At the first place, the best-known example of Searle's critique of computationalism and strong AI is his Chinese Room Argument. The argument (1980) goes as follows: Searle supposes that, many years from now; 'we have constructed a computer, which behaves as if it understands Chinese.' In other words, the computer takes Chinese symbols as input, consults a large look-up table (as all computers can be described as doing), and then produces other Chinese symbols as output. 'Suppos... ... middle of paper ... ...n an unquestionable way. Therefore, just like Dennett's idea, we still can say that making conscious artificial intelligence is possible in the future. Reference ========= Daniel, C. Dennett (1991), Consciousness Explained, Penguin Books, New York. Searle, J. (1980) Minds, brains, and programs, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1: 417-24. Searle, J. (1983) Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind, Cambridge University Press, New York. Searle, J. (1997) The Mystery of Consciousness, New York Review Press, New York. Bibliography ============ Armin Laux and Heinrich Wanshong (eds.) (1995) Knowledge and Belief in Hhilosophy and Artificial Intelligence, Aksd. Verl, Berlin. Margaret, A. B. (1990) The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence, Oxford University Press, UK.

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