One of the most impressive engineering accomplishments of Rome was the Pantheon. It is a Roman Temple built by the Emperor Hadrian,who ruled from A.D 118 to A.D 138. (Moulton, 94-95 v.3) and was dedicated to all the gods of Pagan Rome(DuTemple, 6).The Pantheon is dated back to the decade A.D 118 to A.D 128. (Moulton, 94-95 v.3) The wide concrete dome was one of the most remarkable features of the Pantheon. (Moulton, 56 v.1) The interior of the dome in the Pantheon is where the oculus is located, this is where light was emitted, not only did the oculus illuminate the interior, but it also made the Pantheon structurally stronger.
Such as the cylindrical shape of Forum Boarium, this was an original shape for the Romans along with the roof. Eventually the Hellenistic architecture was being pushed out by Romanization. When Rome gained leadership over Neighboring countries and was starting to unite the cities, in about 300 B.C. Rome started to gain it’s own unique architectural culture. When Rome was expanding they build grids of roads, and with this advance Rome had a much greater ability to build massive projects.
The Romans took many pre-existing ideals and developed them into new technologies and ways of living; architecture is just one of these developments. These newly developed technologies, such as concrete, enabled new building approaches and methods. The arch, the dome, vaults and columns, which shall be explored in further detail, were also heavily exploited in order to reach their full potential in construction. This greatly enhanced the way construction techniques were utilised and the abilities of the architects of the time. I will argue that Roman architecture brought about a new way of designing and constructing buildings which the civilisations before had not established to its full potential.
From domes to cement to columns and mosaics. Romans derived methods from classical Greek and their own to create a world of various architectural figures and monuments to uncover the Roman message. But why did the Romans make the architectural buildings and art?. How did they make them? And what importance do they have in the world?
Aqueducts were long, elaborate stone waterways that delivered fresh water to Roman cities. The water would flow on top of the aqueduct, and when it got to the city it would flow into a castellum, or holding tank. Then, the Romans would send it to where it needed to go in the city. As the ancient Romans were building these
Although the Romans copied many aspects Greek culture, they also have made distinct contributions. Greece and Rome have also made tremendous contributions to our civilization with art and architecture. The Greeks invented the column and the Romans took these Greek features with some of their own, such as a strong new concrete concept, dome and arches and created marvelous structures. The Roman and the Greek gods seem to relate to each other. A similarity between the two mythologies is that the symbols and designations of powers are the same in the two.
The outside of the white house has a portico (White House B Portico), exactly like many of temples, including the Temple of Hephaestus, in Greece (Temple of Hephaestus). Underneath, the portico is supported by multiple tall columns, which can be identified as columns of the greek ionic order by the columns’ capital (White House B Portico). Even at the heart of the White house greco-roman influence is there. Circular buildings and designs in general came about by the Romans architectural advances. The Oval Office is a great example of this as its design was possible by the Roman’s design of the Pantheon (Oval Office) (Pantheon.
This marble helped them become the great architectural city that we see even in present times. Later on, in the first century AD, the Romans began to use concrete in greater use. The architects of Rome used this concrete to make many structures including domes, arches, and vaults. They added bricks to these structures to improve the strength of the building. After adding the bricks, they put on an extra layer of marble for decoration.
Rome gained power with Hellenistic culture incorporated into the Romans everyday life. One of the greatest technological advancements was the idea of concrete within construction engineering. This concrete idea began in Southern Italy in the 2nd century BCE. The concrete was very important to the Roman architecture given that it assisted in the creation of Roman arches and domes. Concrete also was the base of stone bridges across rivers, stacked aqueducts across valleys, and large sight-seeing buildings like the Pantheon in Rome, and later the Cathedral of S. Sophia in Constantinople.
The engineering discoveries of ancient Rome have played a key role in the history of architecture and engineering. Many of Rome’s roadways, bridges, and aqueducts have been in use from the first century until the twentieth century. Many American buildings have used the Roman dome. Several major structures from early Rome still stand, including the Collosseum. These remnants of feats of Roman engineering stand as a monument to the ability of ancient Roman builders.