Applications of Physics For Different Industries

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INTRODUCTION

Physics attempts to describe the fundamental nature of the universe and how it works, always striving for the simplest explanations common to the most diverse behaviour. For example, physics explains why rainbows have colours, what keeps a satellite in orbit, and what atoms and nuclei are made of. The goal of physics is to explain as many things as possible using as few laws as possible, revealing nature's underlying simplicity and beauty. Physics has been applied in many industrial fields, which include the air industry, construction industry, automobile industry, manufacturing industry and many others. All these industries apply physics in one way or another. For example a car that moves from one point to another has to have an engine that provides the momentum. The calibration of the engine together with the combustion of the fuel has to have a mechanical force that will move it.

Physics has helped shape the industries in making work easier. This will be highlighted with some of the industries that have used physics practically to achieve an objective.

Power generation industries

Physics behind solar Power Generation in Space shuttles

Solar arrays produce electrical power directly from sunlight. According to Green (1982), most long-duration space missions use solar arrays for their primary power. Most designs use photovoltaic cells to convert sunlight into electricity. They can be made from crystalline silicon, or from advanced materials such as gallium arsenide (GaAs) or cadmium telluride (CdTe). The photovoltaic cells with the highest efficiency use several layers of semiconductor material, with each layer optimized to convert a different portion of the solar spectrum. The solar intensity at Earth's orbi...

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...me difficult to dwell in. Industries are making the work easier by applying the principles of physics. In this, many industries are coming up new technology that is an improvement of the present. The automobile, construction, power and many other industries will continue coming up with new models that are efficient and effective. Hence it means that physics will continue to be explored by physicians and help in the industrialization.

Reference:

Breithaipt, J. Physics for advanced level. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes, 2000.

Cutnell, J. D. & Johnson, K. W. Physics 5th ed. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2001.

Glaser, P. F., Davidson, P. and Csigi, K. I.. Solar Power Satellites: The Emerging Energy Option. New York: Ellis Horwood, 1993.

Green, Martin. Solar Cells: Operating Principles, Technology, and System Applications. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1982.

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