In source B, the head of each god is used as a topper and are used for protection of the organs of the mummy. Source B is useful when understanding the role of ancient Egyptian gods in the afterlife. In conclusion, the ancient Egyptian burial practices are fundamental to the beliefs of ancient Egyptians.
This strongly implicates that the ancient Egyptian civilisation believed in a spiral realm. At the beginning of the New Kingdom, pharaohs and highly ranked officials were often buried with the ‘Book of the Dead’, which contained magic spells and information to assist and transition the dead to the underworld and afterlife. This symbolised that the magic and divinity were an important part in the Egyptians religion. Tomb paintings and statues of thousands of gods and goddesses as well as their animal manifestations demonstrated that ancient Egyptians had practised in polytheism. Osiris, the god of the dead and the afterlife, and the goddess Ma’at were widely illustrated in tombs.
This myth, although mostly incomplete, was central to the Egyptian religion. It explained the importance of the Pharaoh, Ma’at, and establishes the Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife and magic. Egyptian mythology evolved and grew, like many other mythologies in other civilizations. The mythology, like every religion, was important to the Egyptian way of life. It was a guide that explained how to live their lives and to survive their death.
In addition they left amulets in their tombs to help with the afterlife. That then after the dead person was mummified so that they can keep their spirit the opportunity to reunite with their bodies, just ready for the flawless eternal life. However, before mummifying they would take all their organs out and put them in ceremonial jaws. Near the end of the Old Kingdom the book of the dead was mainly for pharaohs and high social elites. The magic spells were sketched on papyrus for pyramids and in tombs, of the dead.
The time period for Egyptian mummification is from their Predynastic Period (4650-3050 BC) until after the New Kingdom (1069 BC-395 AD). The Egyptians believed in Polytheism, which the religion of worshiping more than one god. Since they believed in more than one god, they believed in Osiris, the earthbound god of the dead, and Re, the sun god. These two gods were critical to the Egyptians, because they counted on those two gods to lead people into the afterlife. In order to achieve the afterlife, a proper burial had to take place for the dead.
Anubis is the Greek name for the ancient jackal-headed god of the dead in Egyptian mythology whose hieroglyphic version is more accurately spelled Anpu (also Anupu, Anbu, Wip, Ienpw, Inepu, Yinepu, Inpu, or Inpw). He is also known as Sekhem Em Pet. Prayers to Anubis have been found carved on the most ancient tombs in Egypt; indeed, the Unas text (line 70) associates him with the Eye of Horus. He serves as both a guide of the recently departed and a guardian of the dead. Originally, in the Ogdoad system, he was god of the underworld.
The most noticing aspect of Egyptian religion is its obsession with immortality and the belief of life after death. This sculpture can show you this on how mummification gave upbringing to complex arts in ancient Egypt. The sculpture is the Mummy Case of Paankhenamun. The artwork is currently viewed at The Art Institute of Chicago. The sculpture was from the third period, Dynasty 22, in ancient Egypt.
Interestingly, X-rays reveal that the mummy case of Paankhenamun does in fact contain a mummy inside dating back to the years of c. 945 – 715 B.C. The practice of mummification was the Egyptian people’s way of preserving the spirits of the Gods/Goddesses and royalty. The idea was that when these beings came back to life, they would be preserved and well prepared for their next lives. By the time of the New Kingdom, the Egyptians already had developed techniques of mummification, which were done under a priest’s supervision (Stokstad 114), and since Paankhenamun was the priest of Amun, he was most likely was in charge of these procedures. In the ancient Egyptian culture, the belief was that there was a life force and spirit inside of the body, known as the ‘Ka’.
The 18th Dynasty is often considered the high point of Egyptian culture, a lot of great art and architecture was built in this Dynasty. Luxor Temple, with its soaring columns and statues of Ramses II. The primary structures were built during the reigns of Amenhotep III and Ramses II, 1500 to 1200 B.C. The Valley of the Kings was used to bury the royalty during much of the New Kingdom Era, rulers were entombed in elaborate underground structures, with chambers and passages decorated and filled with everything a pharaoh could need in his afterlife. The valley is best known for the tomb of Tutankhamun (1336-1327 B.C.
Seeing Egyptian Culture Through the Book of the Dead and The Creation Myth Two works of literature representing the Egyptian Culture are the book of the dead and the creation myth. The book of the dead focuses upon magic spells which ensure the safe journey of the deceased to the other world and his acceptance and beatification there by Osiris its lord and ruler (Hodges 127). The Egyptian creation myth is concerned with the creation of Egyptian gods, how these gods intend create the universe and all living things. These two works show how the afterlife and gods play a major role in the Egyptian culture. In the Egyptian culture, for the deceased to travel to the underworld he would have to confront irrational forces.