One of the way pharaohs prepared themselves for the afterlife journey was by building a pyramid and putting there all their belongings and riches. Egyptian people believed that pharaoh is the closest person to the God and treated him accordingly. That is the reason for Egyptian tombs being full with the golden jewelry, precious stones and art objects. Most of the time art objects were not considered a treasury but they played their particular role in religious rituals. Jars were holding food and drinks for pharaoh’s journey, so he would not get hungry and would have food and drinks to offer to the Gods.
This helped Egypt flourish. Their most powerful pharaoh during the New Kingdom was Ramses II. He helped the economy and had great conquests with invaders. Unfortunately, after Ramses II, Egyptian power slowly declined and invaders, such as the Assyrians and Persians, began to conquer the Nile River Valley
Osiris, the god of the dead and the afterlife, and the goddess Ma’at were widely illustrated in tombs. ... ... middle of paper ... ...n since the king would dwell with the sun god, Re, in the afterlife. In early predynastic burials, many servants and attendants were sacrificed and enclosed in the king’s tomb. This action was regarded as a high honour in which they were able to serve the king in the afterlife. Even after his death, the king remained well respected and worshipped by many individuals in Egypt.
The ancient statues of Egypt seemed to set an example of power and dictation. Most sculptures were dedications to pharaohs and rulers and religious symbols of the civilization. They were created to look powerful, stern, and severe. Some were even intimidating, like the statue of Kafre, who looks extremely focused and fierce. These examples of artwork set the stage for so many new artists and so many new advancements.
There is one other thing that stirs the imagination, the building bares the name of the famous Cleopatra and her son, whose father was Julius Caesar. It is possible that these celebrate personalities climbed the same stairs and contemplated, on high, the same landscape which stretches for miles below. In Summation, some of the most precious examples of architecture from the ancient world are of the ancient Egyptians. Although the ancient Egyptians lived in a primitive world, they proved to have great knowledge for building lasting structures that would forever have a unique and majestic influence on the world.
The medicines and medications that they used in their time were of high significance. They used pictures, hieroglyphs, to communicate in words with each other. When the Romans conquered Egypt, they started using a new form of writing called Demotic, which was a mixture of formal hieroglyphics and Greek text found written on the Rosetta Stone. They worshipped a lot of Gods and Goddess, but only a handfuls of them did they pray tribute to. The location as to where Egypt is located near the Nile River gave the settlers many advantages, such as surplus crops that they use as building materials or trade goods.
Obviously death, burial and the afterlife, was a major part of Egyptian life that was touched a great deal by religion. Another major aspect of Egyptian life that was heavily influenced by religion was art. Almost all paintings and other forms of art were either done for the gods or representing the gods or pharaohs. Artists were even considered some of the highest members of society because they did work for the deities. An interesting fact about Egyptian art was the awkward position the bodies were in.
The decoration applied to the walls and ceilings of the royal tombs provided far more than a colourful patina, for the artists were in effect making an eternal world for the deceased king. The exigencies of tombs curtailed and hurried burials may have thwarted this goal on many occasions, but what the artists did achieve stands nonetheless among the greatest art of the ancient world. The process by which these decorations were achieved is quite well understood. In some cases, though not all, draughtsmen laid out the representations using grids made by measuring rods and paint-covered strings snapped against the walls. The images and inscriptions were then applied in red paint outlines which were corrected as necessary in black.
Eugene Delacroix and John Frederick Lewis are regarded the orientalist painters of their time. The paintings, The Women of Algiers (In Their Apartment) by Eugene Delacroix and The Mid-Day Meal, Cairo by John Frederick Lewis are inspired by the art and culture of the Middle East. The Women of Algiers (In Their Apartment) by Eugene Delacroix is oil on canvas and it can be found in the Louvre in Paris to this day. The Mid-Day Meal, Cairo by John Frederick Lewis is a pencil, watercolor, body color, and gum Arabic on woven paper and it owned by a private owner in London. These works of art were done when these two artists travelled the Middle East.
Ramses' energetic building activities more or less led to a degrading of Egyptian art as far as the engraving of texts and images on temple walls was concerned, for he demanded the monuments to be erected with greater speed than usual. Otherwise carefully engraved texts and images with many beautiful details were now made more superficially, a practice which was unfortunately continued by his successors. *Picture* Most famous of his military engagements is the Battle of Kadesh against the Hittites (from Western Asia), with whom the Egyptians had been struggling for many years. He seems to have escaped defeatby pure luck, as his main force --the pharaoh himself commanding-- was ambushed by the Hittites, and was only saved just in time by reinforcements while retreating. Both sides claimed the victory in this battle, but it seems more likely to have ended in a status quo.