From the start of the 1920's, Canadians have faced a considerable amount of threat towards the Canadian culture from it's American neighbours. For Canada, living so close causes a concern on Canadian identity from American implementation, however, being in a close relationship with the States, it has also promoted Canadian culture. An examination of the nation's success with CBC from America's involvement in the airwaves, Canadian nationalism is promoted through Hockey Night in Canada and the establishment of the National Film Board during the growth of American entertainment industries, will clearly prove that American influence has not diminished Canadian identity but in fact has strengthened it. Ever since technology has advanced, it played a major role in bringing the American culture in Canadian homes, especially through radio. This resulted Canadians to become more familiar with American artists and performers, because of this, the Aird Commissions were concerned of Canada losing its identity to Americanization, thus was the birth of the successful Canadian Broadcasting Commission as its purpose was to “engage in the quick distribution of news across Canada...and providing exposure to Canadian compositions.” (“Creation of the Canadian Broadcast Corporation”) To begin with, CBC radio was successful because it established a powerful sense of national unity across Canada. This connected Canadians coast to coast with news about what was happening everyday in the urbanized life, and exchanged cultural expressions that were made available in French and English to reflect on national consciousness and identity. Without having to rely on American culture, CBC allowed more airtime with only Canadian content by replacing American cult... ... middle of paper ... ...6 June 2014. . Ohayon, Albert. “Canada’s Diverse Cultures.” National Film Board of Canada. National Film Board of Canada, n.d. Web. 8 June 2014. . Rutherford, Paul. “Radio Programming.” The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Foundation, 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 8 June 2014. . ShervinFo. “Creation of the Canadian Broadcast Corporation.” Canada in the 20s and 30s. Tangient, 8 Feb. 2010. Web. 7 June 2014. . “2015: Everyone, Every Way CBC/Radio-Canada.” CBC/Radio-Canada. CBC/Radio-Canada, n.d. Web. 7 June 2014. .
After four hard years of fighting, Canadians celebrated the end of the Great War. Many returned to the country early in 1919, only to be brought down by the lack of employment and other disappointments. However, slowly, good times returned back to Canada, as the country ushered into a new era known as the “Roaring Twenties”. Many Canadians participated in the good life as the wealthy, as well as average families had more money to spend. Economic prosperity and technological advances brought Canadians pleasure to their lives. Canadians tuned in to their radios, used the automobile, cheered for their home sports teams, followed new fashion trends, listened to the same music and did the same dances. In addition, the 1920s marked the growth of movies as Canadians packed theatres to watch their favourite stars. The 1920s were one of the most important and revolutionary times for the film industry.
A nation’s culture resides in the hearts and souls of its people. Many countries have been influenced by various things such as immigration, media, news, as well as trends and fads from both in and out of the country. However, in the 1950s and 1960s, there was mainly news and word of mouth. Many had argued that Canada should establish its own culture to have an identity separate, later growing into a concern of the government. Most would think that the cultural influence was negative as the influences of other countries would take away from the country’s own culture and identity, but it was not the case. The influence of American culture in the 1950s and 1960s in Canada was positive. American music, Hippie culture, and the impact the American
Canada as a nation has been striving to characterize itself as more ?Canadian? for decades. This has included numerous struggles and events such as protests, bans, and the creation of the Massey Commission, to encourage national development in the arts, and support major companies like the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and National Film Board (NFB). However, this has not been an easy task for the Canadian government, as major influences from below the border (the United States) have been captivating the Canadian audiences by large. American media has had a momentous revolutionizing effect on Canada, even through efforts made to define Canada with its own cultural identity.
Is Canada a nation or has its control just switched empirical hands? As Professor Hutcheson asked, did Canada go from "Colony to Nation or Empire to Empire?" This question has greatly influenced Canada's changing identity since her birth as a British colony with Confederation in 1867 to the present day. The purpose of this essay is to critically analyse the shifting Canadian identities between the years 1890 to 1960. The objective is to illustrate Canada's transforming identity by using the novels The Imperialist by Sara Jeanette Duncan, Barometer Rising by Hugh MacLennan, and Fifth Business by Robertson Davies and to connect the stories of each of these works of fiction to the varying political, economic, and social issues of their times. Each book is written by a prominent author, and portrays an accurate reflection of the demanding political, economic, and social concerns throughout the late nineteen and first half of the twentieth century of Canadian history. All of the novels reflect Canada's peripheral view of the world, as opposed to a central point of view, because throughout its history Canada has always been perceived as a secondary player. As George Grant says in his literary piece Lament for a Nation, Canada is "a branch plant society" , meaning Canada is controlled by another power. The essential question is where has Canada's loyalties traditionally lay and how has this shaped the Canadian identity. The Imperialist by Sara Jeanette Duncan, written in 1904 reflects a very British influenced Canada. At this time, Canada is still a British colony under British rule, and the people of Canada are very content to consider themselves British. The novel predominately ill...
When radio was first introduced in Canada it was privately owned, this gave leeway for American companies to absorb the rights to broadcasted content. The Prime Minister at the time, R.B. Bennett became convinced that the “existing system of private radio would almost inevitably lead to the Americanization of a crucial cultural industry.” (Vipond, 2000, p. 41). Therefore regulations were implemented to “contribute to the development of national unity and provide a...
The post-war time was a period where major changes were occurring. After being involved in two international conflicts, Canada was ready to reestablish their economy. During this time, Canada had started working on ways to become stronger and reputable. It is evident that Canada had matured through the post-war era. Canada’s economic progress left a positive impact on the growth of the country as consumerism became popular, and economic ties with America became stronger. Moreover, the removal of racial and ethical barriers contributed to Canadian social affairs such as the huge wave of immigration and the baby boom. The Canadian government also had become more aware and involved in issues impacting Canadian citizens. Canada as a whole started identifying itself as an independent nation and participating in events that brought a positive reputation amongst them. These economical, social, and legal changes helped Canada mature into the country it is today.
Canada is a country that has overcome countless difficult hurdles and challenges throughout its journey to becoming the nation it is today. Nonetheless, the historical journey was not entirely negative, rather, there were some very memorable experiences during the 1900s in specific; one of them being the Roaring 20s, in which countries’ economies boomed, and people were now able to afford items they normally would not be able to. This caused a period of innovators, with the consumers demanding new products to replace various tasks or bring upon something unheard of; this was their time. Furthermore, large amounts of money being earned made receiving funds much easier for researchers, and results were achieved at a much quicker rate. The 1920s was a prosperous decade filled with successful innovations that transformed history for the better. Out of all of the inventions in the Roaring 20s, the most significant three are insulin, automobiles, and the radio.
Now more than ever, Canadian society along with every other society is heavily influenced by popular culture. “Modern popular culture transmitted via the mass media and aimed particularly at younger people” (Ratha, 2017). Media not only influences individuals, but impacts the formation of their social identity. Academic study is devoting time to expand the knowledge of a preferred subject. Pop culture has a large-scale social impact on individuals, therefore it would become a sociological study. Pop culture deserves academic study because of socialization, being one of the largest shapers of society as a whole, and creating social interaction.
Many people across the globe argue that nationalism within Canada is simply not feasible. It is said that we as a people, differ so greatly with our diverse cultures, religions, and backgrounds that we cannot come together and exist together as a strong, united nation. In his book, Lament for a Nation, George Grant tells the reader that “…as Canadians we attempted a ridiculous task in trying to build a conservative nation in the age of progress, on a continent we share with the most dynamic nation on earth. The current history is against us.” (1965) Originally directed towards the Bomarc Missile Crisis, the book argues that whatever nationalism Canada had was destroyed by globalization as well as the powerful American sphere of influence. Although it is true that the book was initially written as a response to the events that took place in the late 1950s, many of the points are still valid today.
This study will define the importance of the cultural institution of Canadian federalism and the political leadership of Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau during the late 1960s. Under PM Trudeau’s leadership, the Quiet Revolution failed to break apart Canadian federalism due to the unifying cultural aspects of language that he promoted through the Official Languages Act of 1969. Trudeau was a loyal Quebecker in terms of political power, yet he chose to unite Quebec and Ottawa in unity through a mutual respect for Anglophile and Francophile interests. Language was the primary barrier to national identity in Canada, which provide a political platform for PM Trudeau to implement a multicultural political solution to declare English and French
The topic of discussion in this paper is advertising in Canada. It will argue that the Canadian advertising industry strives to protect themselves from competition in the United States. The paper will discuss how the Canadian advertising industry allots their money to different forms of media to ward off the United States competition. Tracing the history of advertising from the early 1960’s to the present day, will help to show why Canada concentrates on the television and radio portion of the media.
After the CBC was created hockey as a sport became a lot more commercialized. More attention was given to the athletes and as well to the teams involved. Foster Hewitt was the first Canadian radio broadcaster that used radio to broadcast hockey games. “Hewitt’s broadcasts’ helped hockey become a national sport for Canada because he showed true passion as a broadcaster for the game as a Canadian” . Foster Hewitt shows us that the development of broadcasting not only helped modernize the game of hockey, but also, helped give Canada a Canadian sport. In Richard Gruneau’s book Hockey Night in Canada: Sports, Identities, and Cultural Politics he argues how Hockey Night in Canada as a program not only made the game of hockey become more well-known around the world, but also examines the changes and pressures hockey has within a growing marketplace for commercial spectacle. The CBC had gratefully succeeded in giving Canada a national identity, and as well make hockey as a sport more popular in society. To add, in Andrew Holman’s book Canada’s Game: Hockey and Identity he discusses how thanks to the CBC not only had hockey grown as a professionalized sport but as well, seen as hockey was commercialized so well under the Canadian national broadcaster CBC, hockey became a staple in identifying as being
In addition, to supporting the linguistic duality and multicultural and multiracial nature of Canadian society, and recognizing the special place of aboriginal peoples' within our society.Therefore, nationalism was pretty effectively promoted through the Canadian Broadcasting Company, it garnered a sense of belonging throughout the citizens.