American History: The Gilded Age America

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Gilded Age America

Throughout the history of the United States, the Gilded Age is regarded as a period that spanned the last three decades of the 19th century. This period starts from the Civil War came to an end in the 1865 up to 1900. The term Gilded Age was formulated by writers Charles Warner and Mark Twain in The Gilded Age: A Tale of Toady in 1873. They did this since they believed it to be an era that would be characterized by a variety of severe social problems that were camouflaged by a minute gold gilding.

The Gilded Age Served as an era that was characterized by rapid growth of the economy, though significant social conflict was also prevalent. Railroads were regarded as the major industry, as well as mining, factory and labor unions became increasingly important. The wages for American skilled workers were significantly higher while compared to those in Europe. The high-speed growth of economy created tremendous opportunities, which made the US attract a large number of immigrants. A large number of people cross the seas from Europe and Asia in search of political and religious freedoms as well as employment opportunities. The immigrants from China started in the late 19th century and contributed cheap labor, especially on railway construction throughout California. The rapid growth of economy caused social conflicts, hence a new thoughts called progressivism prevailed during the 20th century. This paper will discuss the Gilded Age America and the Progressivism Age America in the context of business and capitalism, influence of immigrants from China and progressivism.

Business and Capitalism

At the onset of the 19th century's second half, America was witnessing the fastest growth in its history, whereby was pro...

... middle of paper ... the late 19th century. The widely spread use of telephone has greatly united the country and intensified the growth of the economy. From the chart in slideshow 6 (10), we see a greatly increased number of telephones usages in the year 1895-1910. The time standardization also formed during the railway expansion. Transportation and communication industrialization has united America, the union hence brought out the standardization of time. Time was an important issue during the industrialization era. As the picture on the slideshow 6 (Slideshow 6:8), there was a big clock at the top of the Boston railway station. Also in the picture of the Wanamaker in Philly (Slideshow 6:29), the clock was located at the striking top. Travellers, workers, citizens are all aware of the importance of time, which also contributed to an appeal to adjustment of working hours.

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