Sommerstein (1989), 23-24. 14. Aeschylus, Eumenides 514-517. 15. Aeschylus, Eumenides 991-996.
220-1. 11 Ibid., p. 221. 12 Gissing, ch. XIV, p. 146. 13 Gross, p. 149.
The first important characteristic of The Epic of Gilgamesh that helps to classify it as an epic is that it includes a hero. Gilgamesh is the story’s epic hero. Characteristics that determine an epic hero in the ancient world include strength, beauty, and high social status (Tigay 42). Gilgamesh fits all these descriptions. His great strength was described as that which could be matched by no other.
The common culture is based on acceptance of characteristics seen as virtuous: xeineia, or hospitality; agathos, the successful warrior; oikos, which means from noble birth; keleos, glory; pine, honor, which is a central motif throughout the Iliad; and finally, the ultimate virtue of arête, which stands for goodness or excellence and encompasses the other virtues. For Homer, a good man must be of noble family, strong, brave in battle, and wealthy. Earthly possessions show that a man has initiative and has the esteem of others. But the most important qualification to be considered a good man is honor, because honor is gained, not born into. In the Homeric world, honor is qualified by power.
 Homer: Odyssey: Bk.5.155-160. Homer: Odyssey: Bk.20.52-60.  Aeschylus: Agamemnon: l.916-920.  Homer: Iliad: Bk.18.23 ff.  Aeschylus: Agamemnon: l.166-8.