The result of Saleh’s unethical methods resulted in thousands of unhappy citizens who peacefully protested for the resignation of Saleh. However, Saleh saw this as a threat and instantly started to use cruel and inhumane tactics to halt these protests. He even brought al-Qaeda into Yemen to help him achieve this. The main cause of the Arab Spring upheaval in Yemen was the inability of the president to carry out a unified country and effective government, which eventually led to a significant number of political protests. Ali Abdullah Saleh was an oppressive president who based his rule solely on tactics that would only benefit him.
This violence has claimed the lives of an estimated 100,000 people in the years between 1990 and 2002. The Roots of Anger The clash between the fundamentalists and the military government stems from Algeria’s experimentation with political liberalization. The attempt to create more points of view and more political parties in the government has backfired horrendously. The violence of modern day Algeria stems from the failure of mild democratization in the North African country. Following nomination by the National Liberation Front (FLN) party, Chadli Bendjedid was elected President in 1979 and re-elected in 1984 and 1988.
The current population is over 31 million with a GDP/capita of $1650 and a life expectancy of 70 years. COLONIALISM In 1830, the French annexed Algeria, and ruled for over 130 years. It was a rule associated with racism, brutality and human rights abuses. The Algerians gained independence in 1962 and the French left the nation in a state of economic and social disarray. In addition to the physical destruction, the exodus of the colons deprived the country of most of its managers, civil servants, engineers, teachers, physicians, and skilled workers--all occupations from which the Muslim population had been excluded or discouraged from pursuing by colonial policy.
(Source 11) In no small part to these changes a rebellion began in 1935 by Shia Islam followers. However this rebellion was demolished at the shrine of Imam Reza by the Shah’s forces which killed dozens of people and injured hundreds m... ... middle of paper ... ...ayatollahs imprisoned. Reports of the casualties sustained during the riots vary, a government report estimated civilian causalities at 86 however an Iranian doctor, Dr. A.R. Azimi estimated the number at a staggering 10,000. Subsequently this event saw the exile of Ayatollah Khomeini, he would settle in a Shiite community in southern Iraq and later move to France.
The story of the invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of overconfidence, and lack of thinking. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly on the Central Intelligence Agency and a new president. The invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power. The Bay of Pigs Invasion was on April 17th in the year of 1961, was an attempt by the US government to take Fidel Castro, new communist leader of Cuba, out of power in order to install a non-communist government that favored the US’s practices. This attempt failed and the United States involvement was revealed shortly after.
In 1954 and ’58 the country held presidential elections that, though purportedly “free,” were manipulated to make Batista the sole candidate”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).“Faced with the collapse of his regime and with the growing discontent of his supporters, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on January 1, 1959”(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica 1).Bastia ruled totalitarian rule, jailing anyone against him, using terrorist methods, and getting cash for him and his friends(The Editors ... ... middle of paper ... ... 2014. . Roques, Richard. "History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution." History of Cuba -- The Cuban Revolution. Http://www.rcgfrfi.easynet.co.uk, n.d.
On his return to Cuba in 1952 he led a second coup to end an election which he was losing. His government was quickly recognized by the U.S., giving him legitimacy, which he turned into unopposed electoral victory in 1954. His regime was characterized by relationship both with the U.S. government and with the American Mafia. He faced almost immediate opposition from the Communist revolutionaries, who fought a six year guerilla war starting in 1953. The war was one of many “proxy” wars between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, with the U.S. providing weaponry including napalm to Batista which he used brutally against the population.
Following the death of King, race riots broke out across the country. To add to the anger and tension, many students and young Americans began to protest the war in Vietnam. Nixon promised to restore order to the country if he were to be elected. Unfortunately for Nixon, the Democrats, who had control of both sides of Congress, were prepared to block many of Nixon’s initiatives. Thus, CREEP (the committee to re-elect the president) began its corrupt path towards getting Nixon into office, even going as far as to break into the Democratic Party's National Committee headquarters located in the Watergate office in the nation’s capital ("Watergate: The Scandal That Brought Down Richard Nixon").
There is a huge difference between an unsuccessful revolution in which the beginners of the revolution are diminished and their demands not met. But when it is look at, the Iranian Revolution is seen as successful revolution in which all the needs of fight... ... middle of paper ... ...that Western nations controlled Iranian resources and the shah, while Western culture undermined Iran and Islam from within. (January 18). Reza’s downfall was his support for the German enemies in World War II, Great Britain and the Soviet Union sent troops into Iran. They forced Reza to flee the country, in his place his 22-year-old son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi took control.
Ghanaian politics have had a tumultuous history since they became independent of the United Kingdom in 1957. The first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, who brought about Ghanaian independence, began to pass laws that were not in the best interest of the people of Ghana, outlawing strikes, turning the police force into his private guard, and detaining political opponents. One such act was the referendum that Nkrumah proposed, and that passed with a blatantly rigged 99.1% percent, that turned Nkrumah’s own party, the CCP (Convention People’s Party), into the only legal party and made Nkrumah president for life, transforming Ghana into a dictatorship. In 1966, while he was out of the country, Nkrumah’s regime was thrown out of government in a military coup. Between 1966 and 1981 Ghana was subject to several military coups, switches between civilian and military governments, and the continued banning and unbanning of political parties.