All of the Greek Olympians live atop Mt. Olympus with their set ruler Zeus, but in Egypt the Zeus equivalent did not rule on Mt. Olympus. Egyptian mythology had no one single god who ruled all, but the gods did live atop the large pyramids with a few other entities at their side, just as in Greece(----- 12). "Heliopolis, located in the main pyramid are with the other god villages,"(Cavendish 67) was where the Zeus equivalent prominently dwelled and although he "was a ruler he had no power significa... ... middle of paper ... ...se the Greeks had more structure, rank, and class distinctions their mythology was looked upon as the best and related to most often.
Ancient Greek religion is a type of polytheism called “Monarchial Polytheism.” That is, they believe in several different gods and deities but there is a supreme ruler above all of them. In order to fully understand how similar the mythological systems of religions have been throughout the years, you must look back towards the earliest of recorded civilizations. Polytheism dates back to the Mesopotamian and Ancient Egyptian religions, around the 4th millennium BC and possibly before that. The Mesopotamian people were “polytheistic yet they were henotheistic also.” They had a structural hierarchy of deities, with certain gods being superior to others. The early Mesopotamian gods just like the ancient Greek gods, “bore many similarities to humans and were anthropomorphic.” Not only did they look like humans, they also often acted like humans.
Spirits of the dead were also able to guide the living. There were numerous gods, but the most prevalent and lasting gods were Ra, Ma’at, Isis, Horus, Osiris, Bast, and Bes (Gods and Mythology). The Egyptians believed that Ra, the Sun God, was the creator of the world, and the sun was viewed as the symbol of creation. Ra became greatly associated with the pharaoh during the late 2nd Dynasty and the 5th Dynasty. The pharaoh ruled the mortal realm, while Ra ruled the greater universe, which made them “a mirror image of each other.” Ma’at was Ra’s closest ally; she was the “personification of the fundamental order of the universe.” Order and justice was revered and even the gods were known to worship Ma’at.
The government structure of Egypt was rigid. The pharaoh was both king and a god. On the contrary, while the Achaemenid king was the ultimate ruler, he did pass down some authority to provincial governors known as satraps. Whether because of the need to adapt or a need to expand an empire, these differences demonstrate how two cultures can evolve over a 2000 year period with completely contrasting views on religion, military tactics, and governmental
King is the primary source of power, but deity is playing an important role as well. Looking at the great pyramids is it noticeable that pharaohs positioned themselves as gods. The concept of pharaohs and gods went together as a whole and no questions were asked. Aegean region’s society was purely concentrating their attention on mythology, the idea of god and a ruler was pure allegorical. The religion aspect was not surely known.
Ancient Greek beliefs are different from those of other societies because of differences between how gods are represented in Judaism and Ancient Egyptian beliefs. Equally important are the Ancient Greek views of death. Death caused by human error is widespread throughout the book. Human error is encountered in each one of Odysseus's adventures on his return home. The Kyklopes represented the greediness, selfishness, and uncilvilization of Odysseus's men.
It was he (or she, in some cases) that talked to the gods and bridged their otherworldly bodies to the common folk. The Pharaoh was undeniable, and infallible, because to question the Pharaoh would be to question the gods. Ancient Egypt, for the most part, was a theocracy, ruled by a king and religion. The Pharaoh enacted policies dealing with taxes, where for the most part, included a labor task that required citizens to work on whatever was necessa... ... middle of paper ... ... advances are to satisfy their religious need, to maintain a civilized hierarchy, and to keep up with their evolving visions. With more advancements meant the ability to accomplish more.
There were few things to impress themselves upon the Egyptian mind; their psychological impact however was immense. There was the Nile itself, source of all life, there was the mysterious regularity of the Sun, Moon and stars; there was fertility and death. It was out of fear and mystery of these things that "...the Egyptians made their complex heirachy of Gods, and their strange religion. In the service of that religion they made their architecture" (Romer: 75,1982). Thus, the art and architecture of Ancient Egypt stemmed directly from their religion.
Ultimately, the Greeks yearned for this unity and order in the universe, which is a characteristic that is not unlike that of people today. It might seem contradictory that they believed in many gods and sought organization at the same time, for larger numbers are inherently unstable. But, to the god-fearing Greeks, each god represented a different facet of life that together upheld an organized universe if each of these gods was properly appeased. To satisfy these gods, the Greeks participated in activities such as prayer and sacrifice and erected divine temples and centers for oracles in honor of specific gods. There is evidence of this institutionalization early on in the reign of the Olympian gods, thus forming the Olympian religion.
Nonetheless, it was not like that at all in ancient times because the majority of cultures were polytheistic. Greece, a country located in southeast Europe, is well known today due to the Greek gods and goddesses, the divine power in which the Greeks believed. The Greek gods and goddesses were a group of twelve called the Olympians who ruled after the overthrow of the titans. All of the gods including the Primeval gods, the Titans, and the Olympians were immortal although any of them could be replaced by stronger gods. How the Olympians gods and goddesses were born, what characteristics made each of them unique, and the role that all of them played in religion are pretty interesting themes when analyzing the history of Greece, the native land of gods and goddesses who lived in Mount Olympus.